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Table 2 Factors spontaneously mentioned by respondents as the cause(s) of malaria from 2006 survey*.

From: Community perceptions of malaria and malaria treatment behaviour in a rural district of Ghana: implications for artemisinin combination therapy

  Household Head Household Member Care-giver
  Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural
  N = 361 N = 365 N = 38 N = 43 N = 121 N = 161
  %, (n, 95% CI) %, (n, 95% CI) %, (n, 95% CI) %, (n, 95% CI) %, (n, 95% CI) %, (n, 95% CI)
Mosquito bites 74.8 (270, 70.0 - 79.2) 78.9 (288, 74.4 - 83.0) 89.5 (34, 75.2 - 97.1) 76.7 (33, 61.4 - 88.2) 84.3 (102, 76.6 - 90.3) 76.4 (123, 69.1 - 82.7)
Weedy Surroundings/Stagnant water 32.1 (116, 27.3 - 37.2) 39.2 (34.1 - 44.3) 36.8 (14, 21.8 - 54.0) 32.6 (14, 19.0 - 48.5) 24.8 (30, 17.4 - 33.5) 24.2 (39, 17.8 - 31.6)
Dirty Surroundings 38.0 (137, 32.9 - 43.2) 46.3 (169, 41.0 - 51.6) 34.2 (13, 19.6 - 51.4) 55.8 (24,39.9 -70.9) 40.5 (49, 31.7 - 49.8) 32.3 (52, 25.2 - 40.1)
Eating contaminated food 23.3 (84, 19.0 - 28.0) 29.3 (107, 24.7 - 34.3) 23.7 (9, 11.4 - 40.2) 25.6 (11, 13.5 - 41.2) 23.1 (28, 16.0 - 31.7) 34.2 (55, 26.9 - 42.0)
Standing/walking in the sun 41.0 (148, 35.9 - 46.2) 47.1 (172, 41.9 - 52.4) 21.1 (8, 9.6 - 37.3) 34.9 (15, 21.0 - 50.9) 33.1 (40, 24.8 - 42.2) 36.0 (28.6 - 43.9)
Sweet foods 2.2 (8, 0.9 - 4.3) 3.6 (13, 1.9 - 6.0) 2.6 (1, 0.1 - 13.8) 7.0 (3, 1.5 - 19.1) 2.5 (3, 0.5 - 7.1) 1.2 (2, 0.2 - 4.4)
  1. *multiple answers were allowed.