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Table 4 Perception of the participants on the cause, method of transmission and prevention of Tuberculosis in southwest Ethiopia

From: Prejudice and misconceptions about tuberculosis and HIV in rural and urban communities in Ethiopia: a challenge for the TB/HIV control program

Indicators of conception Sex P-value Literacy status P-value
  Male
No (%)
Female
No (%)
  Non-literate
No (%)
Literate
No (%)
 
Ever heard of TB(n = 750)    0.07    0.001
   Yes 303(96.2)) 405(93.1)   422(91.7) 286(98.6)  
   No 12(3.8) 30(6.9)   38(8.3) 4(1.4)  
Cause of TB (n = 708)    0.6    0.001
   Microorganism 147(48.5) 204(50.4)   170(40.3) 181(63.3)  
   Not microorganism 156(51.5) 201(49.6)   252(59.7) 105(36.7)  
Methods of Transmission of TB (n = 708)       
   Contaminated food and water 56(18.5) 71(17.5) 0.7 80(19.0) 47(16.4) 0.4
   Through air during coughing and sneezing 276(91.1) 370(91.4) 0.9 371(87.9) 275(96.2) 0.001
   Unsterile milk 25(8.3) 36(8.9) 0.8 21(5.0) 40(14.0) 0.001
   Poor personal hygiene 21(6.9) 20(4.9) 0.6 20(4.9) 17(4.0) 0.2
Symptoms of TB (n = 708)       
   Cough of 2 or more weeks 239(79.7) 315(77.8) 0.5 322(76.5) 232(81.7) 0.09
   Fever 90(29.7) 135(33.3) 0.3 116(27.5) 109(38.1) 0.003
   Weight loss/becoming thin 143(47.2) 158(39.0) 0.029 162(38.4) 139(48.6) 0.007
   Hemoptysis 171(56.4) 219(54.0) 0.5) 222(52.6) 168(58.7) 0.5
   Excessive night sweating 60(19.8) 61(15.1) 0.09 58(13.7) 63(22.0) 0.004
   Chest pain 62(20.5) 60(14.8) 0.05 72(17.1) 50(17.5) 0.8
   Shortness of breath 63(20.8) 53(13.1) 0.006 73(17.3) 43(15.0) 0.4
   Poor appetite 63(20.8) 54(13.3) 0.02 54(12.8) 63(22.0) 0.002
Prevention of TB (n = 708)       
   Cover mouth during coughing or sneezing 238(78.8) 306(76.1) 0.5 316(75.6) 228(79.7) 0.3
   Proper disposal of sputum 180(59.6) 243(60.4) 0.6 229(54.8) 194(67.8) 0.002
   Ventilation of houses 60(20.5) 63(15.7) 0.2 56(13.4) 69(24.1) 0.001