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Table 3 Predictors of prejudice towards people living with HIV/AIDS (n = 728), southwest Ethiopia

From: Prejudice and misconceptions about tuberculosis and HIV in rural and urban communities in Ethiopia: a challenge for the TB/HIV control program

Variables Prejudice Crude OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted OR
(95%CI)
  High Low   
Sex, no (%)     
   Male 63(20.2) 249(79.8) 1 1
   Female 113(27.2) 303(72.8) 1.5(1.0,2.1) 1.5(1.0, 2.2)
Literacy status, no (%)     
   Literate 34(11.8) 253(88.2) 1 1
   Non-literate 142(32.2) 299(67.8) 3.5(2.3,5.3) 2.3(1.4, 3.6)
Age in years, no (%)     *
   15-24 38(17.9) 174(82.1) 1  
   25-30 65(26.6) 179(73.4) 1.6(1.0, 2.6)  
   35-44 31(19.3) 130(80.7) 1.1(0.6, 1.8)  
   >=45 42(37.8) 69(62.2) 2.8(1.6, 4.6)  
Occupation, no (%)     *
   Government employee 4(5.9) 64(94.1) 1  
   Farmer 105(28.8) 259(71.2) 6.5(2.3, 18.2)  
   Housewives 53(30.3) 122(69.7) 6.9(2.4, 20.0)  
   Day laborers 2(8.0) 23(92.0) 1.3(0.2, 8.1)  
   Student 3(7.5) 37(92.5) 1.3(0.3, 6.1)  
   Merchant 7(15.6) 38(84.4) 2.9(0.8, 10.7)  
   Unemployed 2(18.2) 9(81.8) 3.5(0.5,22.3)  
Monthly income in Birr, no (%)     
   <=400(<=34 USD) 123(31.0) 274(69.0) 2.4(1.6,3.6) 1.7(1.1, 2.6)
   >400(>34 USD) 45(15.5) 246(84.5) 1 1
Residence, no (%)     
   Rural 157(30.7) 355(69.3) 4.5(1.7,7.6) 3.8(2.2, 6.6)
   Urban 19(8.8) 197(91.2) 1 1
Knowledge on HIV, no (%)     
   Poor 136(31.2) 300(68.8)) 2.8(1.8,4.2) 2.8(1.8,2.2)
   Good 40(13.7) 252(86.3) 1 1
  1. *Excluded in the final model