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Table 2 Perception of the study participants concerning the cause of HIV/AIDS (n = 731), southwest Ethiopia

From: Prejudice and misconceptions about tuberculosis and HIV in rural and urban communities in Ethiopia: a challenge for the TB/HIV control program

Indicators of conception sex P-value Literacy status P-value
  Male
No(%)
Female
No(%)
  Non-literate
No(%)
Literate
No(%)
 
Vector can transmit HIV    0.02    0.001
Yes 20(6.4) 46(11.0)   53(12.0) 13(4.5)  
No 294(93.6) 371(89.0)   389(88.0) 276(95.5)  
Eating uncooked egg laid by a chicken that swallowed a used condom can transmit HIV    0.23    0.15
Yes 70(22.3) 78(18.7)   82(18.6) 66(22.8)  
NO 244(77.7) 339(81.3)   360(81.4) 223(77.2)  
Eating raw meat prepared by a person who lives with HIV can transmit HIV    0.83    0.08
Yes 62(19.7) 85(20.4)   98(22.2) 49(17.0)  
No 252(80.3) 332(79.6)   344(77.8) 240(83.0)  
Eating together with an HIV infected person can transmit HIV    0.04    0.004
Yes 23(7.3) 49(11.8)   55(12.4) 17(5.9)  
NO 291(92.7) 368(82.2)   387(87.6) 272(94.1)  
Unsterile syringes and sharp objects can transmit HIV    0.15    0.08
Yes 298(94.9) 383(91.8)   406(91.9) 275(95.2)  
NO 16(5.1) 34(8.2)   36(8.1) 14(4.8)  
Breast feeding can transmit HIV to the baby    0.59    0.005
Yes 138(43.9) 175(42.0)   171(38.7) 142(49.1)  
NO 176(56.1) 242(58.0)   271(61.3) 147(50.9)  
HIV can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy and labor    0.73    0.001
Yes 138(43.9) 178(42.7)   168(38.0) 148(51.2)  
NO 176(56.1) 239(57.3)   274(62.0) 141(48.8)  
Unprotected sex can transmit HIV    0.09    0.004
Yes 263(83.8) 329(78.9)   343(77.6) 249(86.2)  
NO 51(16.2) 88(21.1)   99(22.4) 40(13.8)