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Table 3 Fixed-Effect Negative Binomial Models for the crude and adjusted association between specific under-five mortality groups and PSF coverage: Brazil, 2000-2006.

From: Impact of the Family Health Program on the quality of vital information and reduction of child unattended deaths in Brazil: an ecological longitudinal study

Variables Ill-defined Mortality RR (95% CI) Unattended death Mortality RR (95% CI) Remaining Ill-defined Mortality RR (95% CI)
  Crude Adjusted     
PSF coverage
   No PSF a 1   1   1   1  
   Low b 0.78 (0.74-0.82) 0.83 (0.79-0.88) 0.74 (0.69-0.80) 0.98 (0.91-1.05)
   Intermediate c 0.56 (0.53-0.58) 0.65 (0.61-0.68) 0.57 (0.53-0.62) 0.80 (0.74-0.87)
   High d 0.42 (0.40-0.45) 0.50 (0.47-0.53) 0.40 (0.37-0.44) 0.74 (0.68-0.81)
Total fertility rate >2.42 children per childbearing-age woman 1.56 (1.49-1.64) 1.73 (1.61-1.85) 1.36 (1.26-1.46)
Percentage of illiterates among individuals older than 15 years >15.4% 1.06 (0.98-1.14) 1.31 (1.17-1.47) 1.02 (0.92-1.13)
Per capita income >BR$ 120 0.81 (0.75-0.88) 0.71 (0.64-0.79) 0.91 (0.80-1.04)
Population >50,000 inhabitants 0.35 (0.30-0.39) 0.29 (0.25-0.34) 0.36 (0.30-0.44)
Num. Observations   28168   28168   19278   23261
Num. Municipalities   4024   4024   2754   3323
  1. Abbreviations: CI = Confidence Interval; PSF = Family Health Program; RR = Rate Ratio.
  2. a = defined as coverage equal to 0% of the population.
  3. b = defined as coverage of less than 30% of the municipal population.
  4. c = defined as coverage of 30% to 69.9% of the municipal population.
  5. d = defined as coverage of more than or equal to 70% of the municipal population.