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Table 4 Parents' and students' attitude to vaccination, by gender.

From: Knowledge of human papillomavirus infection and its prevention among adolescents and parents in the greater Milan area, Northern Italy

  Parents      Students     
  Mothers   Fathers   P value1 Females   Males   P value2
  No. % No. %   No. % No. %  
Are you in favour of vaccinations in general? 3,4           
No 97 8.0 72 6.7       
Yes 1117 92.0 1009 93.3 0.22      
Whose recommendations are significant to you when deciding on a vaccination for your children? 3,5           
Ministry of Health 594 48.5 518 47.4 0.60      
Regional body 41 3.3 43 3.9 0.45      
Pediatrician 614 50.1 475 43.5 0.001      
Other physician 343 28.0 268 24.5 0.06      
Relative or friend 20 1.6 16 1.5 0.74      
Teacher 5 0.4 7 0.6 0.44      
Religious authority 6 0.5 4 0.4 0.65      
Other 78 6.4 77 7.0 0.51      
Do you think HPV infection might concern your children (for parents)/you (for students)? 4           
Do not know 251 20.7 286 26.6   174 27.1 65 31.1  
No 255 21.0 219 20.3   179 27.9 89 42.6  
Yes 707 58.3 572 53.1 0.004 289 45.0 55 26.3 <0.001
Would you give your children (for parents)/undergo (for students) HPV vaccination HPV? 4           
No 92 7.6 66 6.1   36 5.6 40 19.1  
Perhaps 293 24.1 308 28.7   169 26.1 86 41.1  
Yes 830 68.3 699 65.1 0.03 442 68.3 83 39.7 <0.001
  1. 1 Mothers vs fathers. 2 Female students vs male students. 3 Question for parents only. 4 The numbers do not add up to the total because of a few missing answers. 5 As multiple answers were allowed, each was considered a dichotomous variable (yes/no).