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Table 3 Clinician perceived barriers to a successful total smoking ban

From: Total smoking bans in psychiatric inpatient services: a survey of perceived benefits, barriers and support among staff

  Agree Uncertain Disagree
  % n % n % n
Fear of patient aggression 89 63 4 3 7 5
Patients will continue to smoke 72 52 14 10 14 10
Staff are too busy with patient mental health 61 43 15 11 24 17
Lack of staff cohesion/consistency 59 42 24 17 17 12
Staff resistance to change 58 41 22 16 20 14
Lack of staff time 57 41 21 15 22 16
Lack of staff confidence 53 38 21 15 26 19
Lack of staff knowledge 52 37 16 11 32 23
Staff will continue to smoke 51 37 24 17 25 18
Lack information about policy/procedures 49 35 21 15 30 21
Processes aren't developed 44 31 37 26 19 14
Support systems aren't in place 44 32 36 26 19 14
Lack of staff skills 43 30 14 10 43 30
Insufficient training provided 40 29 29 21 31 22
Lack of staff interest 36 26 26 19 38 27
Lack of resources 35 25 42 30 23 16
Lack of sustainability 32 23 32 23 36 26
Lack of management support 29 21 25 18 46 33
Lack of staff commitment 26 19 38 27 36 26