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Table 2 Demographic Characteristics by Smoking Status of 2508 Blue-collar and Service Workers Employed in Hospitality Venues in Shenyang, China, 2008c

From: Patterns of smoking and its association with psychosocial work conditions among blue-collar and service employees of hospitality venues in Shenyang, PR China

Characteristics N(%) of Never smokers Occasional smokers Daily smokers
   N(%) P value N(%) P value
Overall 1271(50.9) 656(26.3)   569(22.8)  
Age(years)      
   ≤19 120(47.6) 88(34.9)   44(17.5)  
   20-29 544(52.9) 280(27.2)   204(19.8)  
   30-39 446(56.1) 178(22.4)   171(21.5)  
   40-49 137(38.1) 102(28.3)   121(33.6)  
   ≥50 24(39.3) 8(13.1) P = 0.045 29(47.5) P = 0.001
Gender      
   Female 944(87.8) 104(9.7)   27(2.5)  
   Male 327(23.0) 552(38.8) P < 0.001 542(38.1) P < 0.001
Ethnicity      
   Han 1150(51.2) 575(25.6)   521(23.2)  
   Others 121(48.4) 81(32.4) P = 0.073 48(19.2) P = 0.382
Monthly family income      
   ≤2000yuan 1153(51.5) 595(26.6)   491(21.9)  
   2001-3000 yuan 73(45.6) 49(30.6)   38(23.8)  
   3001-5000 yuan 35(53.8) 9(13.8)   21(32.4)  
   ≥5000yuan 10(31.3) 3(9.4) P = 0.196 19(59.4) P < 0.001
Education      
   Junior school or lower 298(42.8) 214(30.7)   185(26.5)  
   High and technical school 674(53.5) 315(25.0)   270(21.4)  
   College or higher 299(55.4) 127(23.5) P = 0.007 114(21.1) P = 0.039
Marital status      
   Married/Cohabiting 578(47.5) 370(30.4)   270(22.2)  
   Single 668(55.2) 272(22.5)   270(22.3)  
   Others# 25(36.8) 14(20.6) P = 0.189 29(42.6) P = 0.028
  1. Notes: cFor the purpose of identifying potential associations between occupational correlates and smoking, respondents who reported Ex-smokers were not included (n = 12). The analyses were conducted separately for occasional smokers, and daily smokers compared with the non-smokers. # divorced, separated, and widowed combined.