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Table 2 Missed opportunities for earlier HIV testing and diagnosis of clients treated at Dessie health facilities, North East Ethiopia, Dec 2008(N = 427)

From: Missed opportunities for earlier HIV testing and diagnosis at the health facilities of Dessie town, North East Ethiopia

Variable Frequency Percent
Missed opportunities for HIV testing level 1   
Yes 325 76.1
No 102 23.9
Missed opportunities for HIV testing level 2   
Yes 260 60.9
No 167 39.1
Missed opportunities for HIV testing level 3   
Yes 112 26.2
No 315 73.8
Missed opportunities for HIV testing level 4   
Yes 15 3.5
No 412 96.5
Tested by service provider (N = 44)   
Negative 30 68.2
Positive 14 31.8
Test acceptance rate after initiated by service providers (N = 73)   
Offered 44 60.3
Not offered 29 39.7
Tested during interviewing (N = 112)   
Negative 97 86.6
Positive 15 13.4
Test acceptance rate after initiated by interviewer only   
Offered 112 26.2
Not offered 315 73.8
Tested clients by service provider and by interviewer (N = 156)   
By interviewer 44 28.2
By service provider 112 71.8
Overall test acceptance rate by service providers and interviewers   
Offered 156 36.5
Not offered 271 63.5
Missed opportunities for HIV diagnosis (N = 29)   
HIV positive result after tested by interviewers 15 51.7
HIV positive result after tested by service providers 14 48.3
  1. Note:
  2. Missed opportunities for HIV testing level 1-Clients who were not initiated for HIV test by service providers after coming to health facilities for any service.
  3. Missed opportunities for HIV testing level 2-Clients who were not initiated for HIV test by service providers and latter became willing to have the test by data collecting counselors.
  4. Missed opportunities for HIV testing level 3-Clients who were not initiated by service providers but when initiated by data collecting counselors, they accepted the test.
  5. Missed opportunities for HIV testing level 4- clients who were initiated by data collecting counselors, offered the test and post-test result became positive.
  6. Missed opportunities for HIV diagnosis- The proportion of clients who were failed to be diagnosed by service providers and later found to be HIV positive after tested by data collecting counselors.