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Table 5 Factors Associated with Students' Attitudes towards TB and Diseased People

From: Screening migrants for tuberculosis - a missed opportunity for improving knowledge and attitudes in high-risk groups: A cross-sectional study of Swedish-language students in Umeå, Sweden

Variable Proportion with positive attitude Crude Odds ratio 95% CI Adjusted Odds ratio 95% CI
Sex      
Men 56 (38.1) 0.480 0.294 0.783* 0.879 0.414 1.870
Women 68 (56.2) 1.0   1.0  
Age      
16-24 36 (44.4) 0.978 0.366 2.616 0.507 0.125 2.054
25-34 51 (48.6) 1.154 0.442 3.016 0.911 0.253 3.282
35-44 24 (46.2) 1.048 0.372 2.952 0.727 0.177 2.982
45+ 9 (45.0) 1.0   1.0  
Education group/level (years in school)      
0-6 Years 23 (41.8) 0.57 0.291 1.115 0.405 0.153 1.074
7-12 Years 38 (37.6) 0.478 0.270 0.846* 0.308 0.129 0.734*
13+ Years(ref) 53 (55.8) 1.0   1.0  
Geographic origin      
Middle East 23 (17.3) 0.057 0.015 0.221* 0.097 0.022 0.429*
Asia 30 (75.0) 0.818 0.189 3.535 0.874 0.166 4.593
Latin America 7 (53.8) 0.318 0.059 1.705 0.43 0.060 3.094
Sub- Saharan Africa 53 (77.9) 0.964 0.238 3.905 2.883 0.532 15.637
Low incidence countries 11 (78.6) 1.0   1.0  
Health check up      
Yes 83 (43.0) 0.626 0.366 1.070 0.837 0.398 1.763
No 41 (54.7) 1.0   1.0  
Have heard about TB before migration      
Yes 81 (56.6) 2.491 1.518 4.089* 1.389 0.676 2.856
No 43 (34.4) 1.0   1.0  
Received TB information in Sweden      
Yes 47 (61.0) 2.319 1.349 3.987 0.726 0.314 1.676
No 77 (40.3) 1.0   1.0  
Heard about the Communicable Disease Act      
Yes 41 (66.1) 2.893 1.596 5.246 2.507 1.080 5.816*
No 83 (40.3) 1.0   1.0 1.0
Knowledge level      
High/good 30 (75.0) 4.277 1.995 9.169* 1.477 0.527 4.140
Low/bad 94 (41.2)    1.0  
  1. *P < 0.05 (Univariate and multivariate logistic regression with attitude level as dependent variable)