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Table 8 Effects of Age, Sex and Socioeconomic Position on Risk Factors

From: The prevalence and social patterning of chronic diseases among older people in a population undergoing health transition. A 10/66 Group cross-sectional population-based survey in the Dominican Republic

  Associations with risk factors (prevalence ratios with 95% confidence intervals)
Risk factors Age, adjusted for sex Sex, adjusted for age Socioeconomic position (quarters of household assets), adjusted for age and sex
Metabolic syndrome
(NCEP criteria)
MV1 = 30
0.93
0.88, 1.00
P = 0.04
0.52
0.43, 0.63
P < 0.001
1.17
1.09, 1.25
P < 0.001
Metabolic syndrome components    
Triglyceride > 150 mg/dl
MV = 31
0.88
0.81, 0.96
P = 0.009
0.76
0.60, 0.96
P = 0.02
1.22
1.10, 1.35
P < 0.001
Total cholesterol > = 5.2 mmol
MV = 31
0.93
0.88, 0.97
P = 0.002
0.67
0.58, 0.78
P < 0.001
1.09
1.02, 1.16
P = 0.007
Waist circumference; Men > 40 inches, Women > 35 inches MV = 25 0.97
0.93, 1.01
P = 0.14
0.33
0.27, 0.40
P < 0.001
1.11
1.06, 1.17
P < 0.001
Blood pressure
> = 130/85 mmHg
MV = 20
1.01
0.98, 1.05
P = 0.35
1.07
0.99, 1.15
P = 0.07
1.01
0.97, 1.04
P = 0.74
Fasting glucose
> 110 mg/dl
MV = 32
0.97
0.90, 1.04
P = 0.49
0.91
0.76, 1.09
P = 0.31
1.14
1.04, 1.24
P = 0.03
Other risk factors    
Limited exercise (no walks of > 0.5 km in last month)
MV = 12
1.16
1.13, 1.20
P < 0.001
0.78
0.73, 0.83
P < 0.001
1.00
0.97, 1.03
P = 0.96
Smoking
(> 20 pack years)
MV = 114
0.93
0.86, 1.01
P = 0.08
3.10
2.54, 3.78
P < 0.001
0.94
0.86, 1.03
P = 0.20
  1. 1. MV = missing values