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Table 6 Effects of Age, Sex and Socioeconomic Position on Impairments and Disability

From: The prevalence and social patterning of chronic diseases among older people in a population undergoing health transition. A 10/66 Group cross-sectional population-based survey in the Dominican Republic

Impairments and disability Associations with impairments and disability (prevalence ratios with 95% confidence intervals)
  Age, adjusted for sex Sex, adjusted for age Socioeconomic position (quarters of household assets), adjusted for age and sex
Arthritis or rheumatism
MV1 = 3
1.00
1.00, 1.01
p = 0.23
0.50
0.43, 0.59
p < 0.001
0.98
0.92, 1.04
p = 0.47
Eyesight problems
MV = 3
1.02
1.01, 1.02
p < 0.001
0.88
0.78, 0.98
p = 0.02
0.90
0.85, 0.95
p < 0.001
Hearing difficulty or deafness
MV = 3
1.06
1.04, 1.07
p < 0.001
1.19
0.94, 1.49
p = 0.15
0.91
0.81, 1.02
p = 0.10
Persistent cough
MV = 3
1.02
1.00, 1.04
p = 0.02
0.95
0.72, 1.24
p = 0.69
0.86
0.76, 0.98
p = 0.02
Difficulty breathing, breathlessness or asthma
MV = 2
1.01
0.99, 1.03
p = 0.26
0.85
0.64, 1.14
p = 0.28
0.75
0.66, 0.86
p < 0.001
Heart trouble or angina
MV = 3
1.00
0.98, 1.03
p = 0.98
0.88
0.57, 1.35
p = 0.55
0.81
0.68, 0.97
p = 0.02
Stomach or intestine problems
MV = 4
1.01
1.00, 1.02
p = 0.16
0.68
0.55, 0.83
p < 0.001
0.95
0.87, 1.04
p = 0.28
Faints or blackouts
MV = 5
1.02
0.99, 1.05
p = 0.14
0.62
0.36, 1.06
p = 0.08
0.73
0.57, 0.93
p = 0.01
Paralysis, weakness or loss of one leg or arm
MV = 7
1.06
1.03, 1.08
p < 0.001
1.07
0.72, 1.59
p = 0.72
0.86
0.71, 1.03
p = 0.10
Skin disorders pressure sores, leg ulcers or burns
MV = 6
1.06
1.02, 1.10
p = 0.001
0.62
0.30, 1.31
p = 0.21
0.58
0.42, 0.81
p = 0.001
More than 15 disability days in the last month
MV = 5
1.05
1.04, 1.06
p < 0.001
0.80
0.63, 1.00
p = 0.05
0.89
0.80, 0.99
p = 0.03
  1. 1. MV = missing values