Skip to main content

Table 5 Effects of Age, Sex and Socioeconomic Position on Diagnoses

From: The prevalence and social patterning of chronic diseases among older people in a population undergoing health transition. A 10/66 Group cross-sectional population-based survey in the Dominican Republic

  Associations with diagnoses (prevalence ratios with 95% confidence intervals)
Diagnoses Age, adjusted for sex Sex, adjusted for age Socioeconomic position (quarters of household assets), adjusted for age and sex
Dementia
(10/66 criterion)
1.08
1.07, 1.10
p < 0.001
0.89
0.69, 1.15
p = 0.38
0.87
0.77, 0.97
p = 0.02
Stroke
MV1 = 6
1.02
1.00, 1.04
p = 0.01
1.45
1.09, 1.93
p = 0.01
1.01
0.88, 1.16
p = 0.88
Myocardial infarction
MV = 35
1.00
0.96, 1.03
p = 0.84
0.77
0.37, 1.60
p = 0.49
0.92
0.66, 1.27
p = 0.60
Angina
MV = 25
1.02
0.96, 1.07
p = 0.58
0.92
0.39, 2.16
p = 0.86
1.18
0.79, 1.76
p = 0.41
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
MV = 3
1.01
0.99, 1.03
p = 0.47
1.31
0.93, 1.84
p = 0.12
0.84
0.72, 0.98
p = 0.02
Hypertension (meets ISH criteria, and/or currently on treatment)
MV = 13
1.00
1.00, 1.01
p = 0.15
0.92
0.87, 0.98
p = 0.006
1.04
1.01, 1.07
p = 0.004
Diabetes (self-reported diagnosis and/or blood glucose of > 7 mmol/l) 0.98
0.96, 0.99
p = 0.005
0.84
0.66, 1.07
p = 0.15
1.13
1.01, 1.26
p = 0.03
Anaemia
MV = 10
1.03
1.02, 1.03
p < 0.001
1.16
1.01, 1.34
p = 0.04
0.85
0.79, 0.91
p < 0.001
ICD-10 depression 1.02
1.01, 1.03
p = 0.003
0.74
0.58, 0.95
p = 0.02
0.70
0.63, 0.78
p = < 0.001
  1. 1. MV = missing values