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Table 4 Comparison of Prevalence of Health Conditions Between Dominican Republic and Developed Country Settings, With Indirect Standardisation for Age and Sex

From: The prevalence and social patterning of chronic diseases among older people in a population undergoing health transition. A 10/66 Group cross-sectional population-based survey in the Dominican Republic

Health condition Criterion Prevalence (%) in Dominican Republic sample Source of comparison prevalence data Standardised for Standardised morbidity ratio 95% confidence intervals
Diagnosed diabetes Told by a doctor that he/she has diabetes 14.0% NHANES 1999-2002, USA [21] Sex, among those aged 65 and over 88 73, 107
Undiagnosed diabetes Never told by doctor that he/she has diabetes, and fasting glucose > = 7 mmol/l 3.5% NHANES 1999-2002, USA [21] Sex, among those aged 65 and over 65 45, 92
Diabetes Diagnosed or undiagnosed diabetes 17.5% NHANES 1999-2002, USA [21] Sex, among those aged 65 and over 83 70, 97
Hypertension Blood pressure > = 140/90 or on antihypertensive treatment 73.8% NHANES 1999-2004, USA [23] Sex, among those aged 60 and over 108 101, 117
     Age (60-69,70-79, 80+) 105 98, 113
Metabolic syndrome NCEP - ATP III criteria, but those diagnosed with diabetes considered dysglycaemic and those told they were hypertensive considered hypertensive, regardless of current control 39.6% NHANES 1999-2002, USA [22] Age (60-69,70+) and sex 72 64, 80
Stroke Told by a doctor that he/she has had stroke 8.7% NHANES 1999-2004, USA [24] Age (65-74, 75+) and sex 100 81, 123
Dementia DSM-IV dementia 5.4% EURODEM meta-analysis, Europe [26] Age (five year bands) and sex 85 65, 110
Anaemia WHO criteria - haemoglobin < 12 g/dl in women, < 13 g/dl in men 35.0% NHANES III, 1988-1994, USA [25] Age (65-74, 75-84, 85+) and sex 310 262, 373