Skip to main content

Table 2 Probability of being overweight or engaging in physical activity and nutrition behaviors of boys relative to girls

From: Should public health interventions aimed at reducing childhood overweight and obesity be gender-focused?

  unadjusted adjusted
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Overweight     
   In urban areas 1.15 0.85 - 1.58 1.18 0.85 - 1.64
   In towns 1.38 1.03 - 1.34 1.40 1.05 - 1.86
   In rural areas 0.81 0.64 - 1.02 0.82 0.65 - 1.03
Physical activity     
   Being physically active (PAQ C score > 3) 2.09 1.71 - 2.55 2.12 1.73 - 2.60
   Engaged in sport activities without coach ≥ 3 times/week 1.65 1.40 - 1.95 1.68 1.42 - 1.98
   Engaged in sport activities with coach ≥ 3 times/week 1.47 1.15 - 1.86 1.45 1.14 - 1.84
   Engaged in sport activities with parents ≥ 3 times/week 0.84 0.67 - 1.06 0.86 0.65 - 1.09
   Screen time ≥ 2 hours/day 1.01 0.81 - 1.25 1.02 0.83 - 1.26
Nutrition     
   Buy soup, sandwiches or burritos at school ≥ 3 times/week 1.28 1.00 - 1.66 1.27 1.00 - 1.63
   Buy snacks like donuts, candy, chocolate bars and chips at school ≥3 times/week 1.11 0.83 - 1.47 1.10 0.82 - 1.46
   Eat food from fast food restaurant ≥ 3 times/week 1.22 1.05 - 1.42 1.22 1.05 - 1.43
   Eat convenient food ≥ 3 times/week 1.19 1.00 - 1.41 1.20 1.01 - 1.42
   Eat fried food at home ≥ 3 times/week 1.17 0.98 - 1.40 1.18 1.00 - 1.41
   Eat fried food away from home ≥ 3 times/week 1.03 0.86 - 1.24 1.04 0.86 - 1.25
   % energy from fat exceeds 30%† 1.63 1.16 - 2.29 1.68 1.19 - 2.35
   Consumption of ≥ 6 servings of vegetables and fruits/day 0.81 0.71 - 0.93 0.82 0.71 - 0.96
  1. * Odds ratio (OR) 95% confidence interval (CI). Adjusted risk estimates were adjusted for household income, parental education and residency. '% energy from fat exceeds 30%' and 'Consumption of ≥ 6 servings of vegetables and fruits/day' were further adjusted for calorie intake.
  2. † % energy from fat exceeds 30%: represents the probability that more that 30% of dietary energy originating from dietary fat