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Table 1 Characteristics of grade five students in Alberta, Canada

From: Should public health interventions aimed at reducing childhood overweight and obesity be gender-focused?

  Prevalence Boys Girls pvalue
Body weight status     
   Overweight 28.54 29.13 27.98 0.50
   Obese 6.9 7.57 6.27 0.16
Parental educational attainment     
   Secondary graduation or less 26.54 25.72 27.30  
   Postsecondary or college diploma 39.91 38.44 41.29  
   University degree 33.55 35.84 31.41 0.04
Household income     
   < $ 50,000 23.37 23.79 22.97  
   $ 50,001-$ 75,000 17.48 16.46 18.45  
   $ 75,001-$ 100,000 22.19 22.51 21.89  
   > $ 100,000 36.96 37.24 36.69 0.73
Geographic location     
   Urban 47.33 47.85 46.84  
   Small town 16.21 15.27 17.11  
   Rural 36.45 36.88 36.05 0.33
Physical activity     
   Being physically active (PAQ C score > 3) 26.04 31.97 20.43 <0.01
   Engaged in sport activities without coach ≥ 3 times/week 38.56 44.47 33.0 <0.01
   Engaged in sport activities with coach ≥ 3 times/week 15.72 18.14 13.46 <0.01
   Engaged in sport activities with parents ≥ 3 times/week 8.09 7.47 8.68 0.24
   Screen time ≥ 2 hours/day 16.27 16.34 16.20 0.90
Nutrition     
   Buy soup, sandwiches or burritos at school ≥ 3 times/week 12.68 13.62 11.79 0.05
   Buy snacks like donuts, candy, chocolate bars and chips at school ≥3 times/week 8.78 9.22 8.37 0.42
   Eat food from fast food restaurant ≥ 3 times/week 39.73 42.31 37.31 < 0.01
   Eat convenient food ≥ 3 times/week 43.48 45.71 41.37 0.02
   Eat fried food at home ≥ 3 times/week 54.4 56.30 52.61 0.05
   Eat fried food away from home ≥ 3 times/week 41.4 41.63 40.69 0.61
   Mean % energy from fat† 27.56 27.81 27.32 < 0.01
   Consumption of ≥ 6 servings of vegetables and fruits/day 26.68 24.72 28.53 0.02
  1. *Significant gender differences (P < 0.05): χ2 -tests were used for all outcomes except for '% energy from fat' where a t-tests was used. All estimated were weighted to represent population prevalence.
  2. † Percentage of dietary energy originating from dietary fat