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Table 3 Multinomial logistic regression for combinations of multiple risk factors1, in adults aged 16 years and over. All factors are mutually adjusted for each other

From: Is the Scottish population living dangerously? Prevalence of multiple risk factors: the Scottish Health Survey 2003

Variable (n) (2) vs (0 or 1) risk factors1 (3) vs (0 or 1) risk factors1 (4 or 5) vs (0 or 1) risk factors1
  RRR (95% CI)
Sex
Women (3,663) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Men (2,941) 1.12 (0.93,1.33) n/s 1.28 (1.09,1.50) ** 1.81 (1.51,2.19) ***
Age    
16-24 (567) 1.00   1.00
25-34 (860) 1.08 (0.75,1.56) n/s 1.70 (1.10,2.62) * 1.65 (1.06,2.56) *
35-44 (1,357) 1.20 (0.80,1.80) n/s 1.84 (1.25,2.71) ** 1.74 (1.15,2.63) **
45-54 (1,178) 1.06 (0.69,1.62) n/s 1.90 (1.22,2.95) ** 1.79 (1.13,2.82) *
55-64 (1,203) 1.19 (0.78,1.81) n/s 1.84 (1.15,2.95) * 1.51 (0.92,2.48) n/s
65+ (1,409) 1.19 (0.66,2.17) n/s 2.00 (1.08,3.71) * 0.88 (0.48,1.64) n/s
Deprivation (SIMD2006 quintile)    
1 (Least Deprived) (1,313) 1.00 1.00 1.00
2 (1,425) 0.96 (0.74,1.26) n/s 0.92 (0.71,1.2) n/s 0.98 (0.70,1.36) n/s
3 (1,467) 0.93 (0.69,1.24) n/s 1.01 (0.77,1.31) n/s 1.09 (0.78,1.52) n/s
4 (1,265) 1.04 (0.78,1.38) n/s 1.25 (0.95,1.65) n/s 1.35 (1.00,1.82) n/s
5 (Most Deprived) (1,104) 1.75 (1.24,2.48) ** 2.21 (1.60,3.06) *** 3.20 (2.28,4.49) ***
Highest Educational Qualification    
Degree or above (1,518) 1.00   1.00
Below degree level (2,626) 1.33 (1.06,1.67) * 1.68 (1.37,2.05) *** 1.90 (1.49,2.41) ***
No qualifications (2,426) 1.86 (1.40,2.48) *** 3.18 (2.38,4.25) *** 3.14 (2.31,4.26) ***
Race/ethnicity    
White (6,440) 1.00   1.00
BME (109) 0.44 (0.23,0.83) * 0.32 (0.16,0.65) ** 0.16 (0.06,0.41) ***
Marital Status    
Never Married (1,496) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Currently Married (3,744) 0.86 (0.69,1.09) n/s 1.01 (0.79,1.30) n/s 1.04 (0.78,1.39) n/s
Divorced, separated, widowed (1,329) 1.01 (0.72,1.41) n/s 1.10 (0.77,1.56) n/s 1.46 (0.99,2.16) n/s
Economic Activity Status    
Employed (3,540) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Unemployed (295) 0.90 (0.57,1.42) n/s 0.98 (0.65,1.45) n/s 0.99 (0.61,1.61) n/s
Retired (1,555) 1.63 (1.10,2.42) * 1.66 (1.16,2.37) ** 2.07 (1.38,3.10) ***
Economically inactive (1,177) 0.98 (0.73,1.31) n/s 1.13 (0.88,1.47) n/s 1.60 (1.21,2.11) **
Occupational Social Class    
I professional (325) 1.00 1.00 1.00
II managerial & technical (1,384) 1.16 (0.79,1.69) n/s 1.05 (0.74,1.49) n/s 1.11 (0.68,1.80) n/s
III skilled (3,132) 1.70 (1.18,2.46) ** 1.42 (1.00,2.04) n/s 2.05 (1.24,3.39) **
IV partly skilled (1,055) 1.65 (1.10,2.48) * 1.46 (1.01,2.11) * 1.89 (1.15,3.12) *
V unskilled (490) 1.70 (1.05,2.76) * 1.72 (1.04,2.83) * 2.19 (1.17,4.10) *
Others (77) 1.50 (0.51,4.43) n/s 1.60 (0.61,4.22) n/s 1.78 (0.57,5.5) n/s
  1. 1. Risk factors are current smoker, risky alcohol drinking, BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2, physically inactive, and poor diet
  2. RRR = relative risk ratios; CI = Confidence Interval; * = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01; *** = p < 0.001; n/s = not significant
  3. †. Reference category; Note: N may not add up to sample size (6,574) for some variables due to unanswered questions