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Table 3 Frequency of micronutrient deficiences and mean haematological values among anaemic pregnants by some personal characteristics

From: The prevalence of nutritional anemia in pregnancy in an east Anatolian province, Turkey

Personal characteristics Total N Micronutrient deficiencies (%) Mean (±SD) haematological values
   İron Folate B12 Hb(g/dl) Htc(%) MCV(fl) MCH(pg) MCHC (g/dl) RDW(%)
Number of living children     *       
0 85 55.3 72.9 29.4 10.1 ± 0.7 30.1 ± 1.8 81.0 ± 8.0 27.3 ± 3.2 33.6 ± 1.1 15.0 ± 2.6
1 61 52.5 67.2 24.6 10.1 ± 0.8 29.8 ± 1.9 81.0 ± 8.2 27.5 ± 3.5 33.8 ± 1.3 14.8 ± 2.4
2 40 60.0 72.5 45.0 10.1 ± 0.7 29.9 ± 2.1 81.3 ± 7.3 27.6 ± 2.9 33.8 ± 0.9 14.6 ± 1.7
3 11 63.6 81.8 54.5 10.1 ± 0.6 29.6 ± 1.1 83.9 ± 10.1 28.7 ± 4.0 34.1 ± 1.0 13.9 ± 1.7
≥4 26 65.4 73.1 50.0 10.1 ± 0.7 29.8 ± 1.8 80.6 ± 7.6 27.4 ± 3.1 33.9 ± 1.0 14.9 ± 1.8
Family income2 (million TL)   *         
≤ 250 74 62.2 71.6 37.8 10.1 ± 0.6 29.8 ± 1.7 82.2 ± 7.4 28.0 ± 3.1 33.9 ± 1.1 14.3 ± 1.9
251-500 114 59.6 75.4 33.3 10.1 ± 0.8 29.9 ± 2.0 79.9 ± 8.1 27.0 ± 3.3 33.7 ± 1.1 15.0 ± 2.5
501-750 13 30.8 69.2 53.8 10.2 ± 0.6 30.6 ± 1.9 81.6 ± 9.1 27.3 ± 3.5 33.7 ± 1.2 15.2 ± 1.9
≥ 751 22 40.9 54.5 18.2 11.7 ± 0.7 34.0 ± 1.9 86.4 ± 7.9 29.7 ± 3.2 34.3 ± 1.2 14.2 ± 2.3
PICA        * * * *
Positive 34 70.6 82.4 41.2 9.8 ± 0.9 29.5 ± 2.4 77.0 ± 7.8 25.8 ± 3.2 33.4 ± 1.1 15.5 ± 2.6
Negative 189 54.5 69.8 33.3 10.2 ± 0.7 30.0 ± 1.7 81.9 ± 7.8 27.9 ± 3.2 33.8 ± 1.1 14.7 ± 2.1
Drinking tea at breakfast    *        
Yes 205 58.0 74.1 35.6 10.1 ± 0.7 29.9 ± 1.8 81.0 ± 7.8 27.4 ± 3.2 33.8 ± 1.1 14.8 ± 2.3
No 18 44.4 44.4 22.2 10.1 ± 0.8 30.0 ± 2.3 82.6 ± 9.3 28.0 ± 3.9 33.8 ± 1.2 14.9 ± 1.9
Red meat, poultry, fish consumption           
1 portion everyday 146 93.8 96.8 92.5 10.1 ± 0.8 30.0 ± 1.6 81.3 ± 5.9 27.2 ± 2.7 33.5 ± 1.5 15.6 ± 2.8
Less frequently 77 94.5 93.1 97.4 10.1 ± 0.7 29.9 ± 1.9 81.1 ± 8.1 27.5 ± 3.3 33.8 ± 1.1 14.7 ± 2.2
Fruit & vegetables consumption           
1 portion everyday 63 57.3 66.7 65.1 10.2 ± 0.7 30.0 ± 1.8 82.2 ± 7.0 27.9 ± 3.0 33.9 ± 1.1 14.7 ± 1.8
Less frequently 160 66.1 60.6 57.1 10.1 ± 0.7 29.9 ± 1.9 80.5 ± 8.4 27.2 ± 3.4 33.7 ± 1.1 14.9 ± 2.5
Current use of iron treatment    *        *
Yes 47 46.8 42.6 29.8 10.1 ± 0.9 29.7 ± 2.1 80.0 ± 9.2 27.2 ± 3.8 33.9 ± 1.2 15.5 ± 2.4
No 176 59.7 79.5 35.8 10.1 ± 0.7 30.0 ± 1.8 81.5 ± 7.6 27.6 ± 3.1 33.7 ± 1.1 14.6 ± 2.2
Total 223 57.0 71.7 34.5 10.1 ± 0.7 29.9 ± 1.9 81.1 ± 7.9 27.5 ± 3.3 33.8 ± 1.1 14.8 ± 2.3
  1. 2 Family income category reduced in four groups since the number in the fifth group was small, * P < 0.05, Chi-square, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskall Wallis tests