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Table 1 Smoking habits during pregnancy according to sociodemographic characteristics (n = 256)

From: Maternal age, education level and migration: Socioeconomic determinants for smoking during pregnancy in a field study from Turkey

   Did not smoke during pregnancy Smoked during pregnancy
   Non-smoker (n = 162) Stopped smoking (n = 36) Occasional smoker (n = 15) Daily smoker (n = 43)
  Total(n) % % % %
Maternal Age      
< 20 37 54.1 8.1 10.8 27.0
20-34 201 64.7 15.9 5.5 13.9
≥ 35 17 70.6 - - 29.4
Missing 1     
Maternal education      
Illeterate +Only literate 19 42.1 5.3 - 52.6
Primary 137 67.9 15.3 5.1 11.7
Secondary+University 99 61.6 13.1 8.1 17.2
Missing 1     
Partner's education      
Illeterate/Only literate 12 16.7 8.3 - 75.0
Primary 99 69.7 13.1 3.0 14.1
Secondary+University 143 63.3 14.7 8.4 13.3
Missing 2     
Previous Births      
Nullipar 107 62.6 15.0 9.3 13.1
1+ 149 63.8 13.4 3.4 19.5
Social class      
Employer+Self Employed 73 67.1 15.1 8.2 9.6
White-collar employees 50 56.0 20.0 10.0 14.0
Blue-collar workers 92 68.5 12.0 3.3 16.3
Marginal, unemployed 40 52.5 10.0 2.5 35.0
Missing 1     
Place of origin      
Urban 47 46.8 17.0 14.9 21.3
Rural 206 67.5 13.1 3.9 15.5
Missing 3     
Migrated to Burhaniye      
Yes 107 54.2 15.0 6.5 24.3
No 149 69.8 13.4 5.4 11.4
Poverty      
Below poverty level 91 62.6 11.0 1.1 25.3
Above poverty level 165 63.6 15.8 8.5 12.1
Perceived Income      
Very good/Good 73 61.6 21.9 8.2 8.2
Moderate 127 68.5 11.0 5.5 15.0
Low/Very low 55 54.6 10.9 3.6 30.9
Missing 1     
Partner's smoking status      
Smoked 125 51.2 20.8 5.6 22.4
Did not smoke 131 74.8 7.6 6.1 11.5