Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 The differences of loneliness and self-concept between the "absent migrant parents"a children and comparisonb children

From: A survey in rural China of parent-absence through migrant working: the impact on their children's self-concept and loneliness

Factors "Absent migrant parents" group (mean ± SD score) Comparison group (mean ± SD score) P value
Childhood Loneliness Scale c 29.85 ± 7.54 27.98 ± 8.52 .001
Piers-Harris Self-Concept Scale    
Behaviord 10.73 ± 2.77 11.98 ± 2.70 < .001
Intellectual and school statuse 8.25 ± 3.09 8.97 ± 3.44 .001
Physical appearance and attributesf 6.41 ± 2.56 6.47 ± 2.97 .745
Anxietyg 8.64 ± 3.25 9.33 ± 2.92 .003
Popularityh 8.19 ± 1.30 8.51 ± 1.83 .001
Happiness and satisfactioni 6.69 ± 1.89 7.17 ± 2.19 .002
Total scorej 47.91 ± 11.97 51.42 ± 12.62 .002
  1. NOTE: aN = 216; bN = 240; cScore ranged from 16 to 80, with higher scores indicating higher degrees of loneliness; dScore ranged from 0 to 16, with higher scores indicating fewer problems in behavior; e Score ranged from 0 to 17, with higher scores indicating fewer problems in intellectual and school status; fScore ranged from 0 to 13, with higher scores indicating fewer problems in physical appearance and attributes; gScore ranged from 0 to 14, with higher scores indicating fewer problems in anxiety; hScore ranged from 0 to 12, with higher scores indicating fewer problems in popularity; iScore ranged from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating fewer problems in happiness and satisfaction; jScore ranged from 0 to 80, with higher scores indicating better self-concept