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Table 2 Prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in obese children and adolescents

From: Insulin resistance and its association with the components of the metabolic syndrome among obese children and adolescents

  Total (n = 466) Boys (n = 272) Girls (n = 194) P*
Waist circumference ≥ 90 pc a 49 48 51 0.491
Systolic BP ≥ 90 pc b 8 10 7 0.272
Diastolic BP ≥ 90 pc b 13 14 11 0.579
Glucose ≥ 100 mg/dL c 4 6 2 0.063
Insulin ≥ 15 μU/mL d 56 45 71 <0.001
HOMA-IR (≥ 3.4) d 51 43 63 <0.001
Total cholesterol ≥ 200 mg/dL e 11 14 7 0.013
Triglycerides ≥ 150 mg/dL c 29 28 31 0.431
LDL-C ≥ 130 mg/dL e 11 15 6 0.004
HDL-C < 40 mg/dL c 69 68 71 0.495
Metabolic syndrome components c     
   0 13 15 10 0.162
   1 30 28 31 0.465
   2 37 36 38 0.700
   ≥3 components c 20 21 20 0.898
  1. All values are percentages.
  2. a According to Waist Circumference percentiles of Mexican-American children [21].
  3. b According to National High Blood Pressure Education Program [20].
  4. c According to International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria [12].
  5. d Insulin and HOMA-IR According to the cardiovascular risk cut-off points [24].
  6. e According to Committee on Nutrition of the American Academy of Pediatrics [22].
  7. *P value according to X² test comparing boys and girls.