Skip to main content

Table 1 Anthropometric measures, blood pressure and metabolic profile of obese children and adolescents

From: Insulin resistance and its association with the components of the metabolic syndrome among obese children and adolescents

Features Total n = 466 Boys n = 272 (58.4%) Girls n = 194(41.6%) P*
   Age (years) 11.3 (0.8) 11.3 (0.8) 11.3 (0.8) 0.629
Anthropometric Measures
   Weight (Kg) 59.7 (10.0) 59.0 (10.2) 60.7 (9.6) 0.075
   Height (m) 1.5 (0.7) 1.5 (0.7) 1.5 (0.6) 0.119
   Body mass index (kg/m²) 27.3 (3.0) 27.1 (3.0) 27.5 (2.9) 0.164
   Body Mass Index Percentile 97.5 (1.2) 97.6 (1.2) 97.3 (1.3) 0.010
   Waist circumference (cm) 85.0 (7.8) 86.2 (8.1) 83.4 (7.1) <0.001
Blood Pressure (mmHg)
   Systolic 105.7 (10.1) 106.2 (10.0) 105.0 (10.2) 0.189
   Diastolic 66.2 (8.6) 66.3 (8.9) 66.1 (8.3) 0.822
Metabolic profile
   Glucose (mg/dL) 88.7 (6.6) 89.2 (6.7) 87.9 (6.5) 0.033
   Insulin (μU/mL) 18.8 (12.1) 16.9 (11.3) 21.5 (12.7) <0.001
   HOMA-IR& 4.2 (2.9) 3.8 (2.8) 4.7 (2.9) <0.001
   Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 166.1 (30.2) 169.2 (32.5) 161.9 (26.1) 0.010
   Triglycerides (mg/dL) 135.0 (75.3) 132.9 (77.1) 137.8 (72.8) 0.489
   LDL-C (mg/dL) 101.2 (25.5) 104.3 (27.7) 96.9 (21.3) 0.002
   HDL-C (mg/dL) 38.0 (8.2) 38.3 (8.4) 37.5 (7.9) 0.267
  1. All values are means (standard deviations).
  2. * P value according to Student's t test comparing boys and girls.
  3. &HOMA-IR: [(fasting glucose (mg/dL))(fasting insulin (μU/mL))/405)]