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Table 1 Characteristics of selected studies and AIDS prevalence among female sex workers from Brazil, 1998-2009.

From: HIV prevalence among female sex workers, drug users and men who have sex with men in Brazil: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Source N State Design (Period) Characteristics of Study Population Sexual behavior and HIV infection
     Age [mean (range)] Ethnicity (%) Condom use (%) HIV prevalence Variables associated with prevalent HIV
Barroso et al. [41] 93 Rio de Janeiro Cross-sectional (2006) NA NA NA 12.9% NA
Benzaken et al. [42] 114 Amazon Cross-sectional (2006) 29 (IQR1 : 22-38) NA NA 2.6% NA
Lacerda et al. [43] 175 São Paulo Cross-sectional (2005-06) 29 (18-62) Caucasian: 53.1%
Black: 8.0%
Mulatto: 34.9%
Others: 4.0%
Always use condom with client: 73.1% 5.7% NA
Dutra & Vasques [44] 154 Amazon Cross-sectional (2005-06) 30.3 ± 8.8 Caucasian: 17,1%
Black: 13,3%
Mulatto: 69,6%
Always use condom: With stable partner: 36.3%
With occasional partner: 25.2%
2.6% NA
Trevisol & Silva [45] 90 Santa Catarina Cross-sectional (2003-04) 27 ± 5.2 Caucasian: 85.6%
Black: 4.4%
Mulatto: 10.0%
Condom use:
Always: 16.7%
Sometimes: 77.8%
Never: 5.6%
6.7% ≤ 2 clients/day (p = 0.008) Infrequent condom use (p = 0.015) Use of inhalants (p = 0.053)
Benzaken et al.[46] 147 Amazon Cross-sectional (2000) 25.5 (12-54) NA NA 0.0% NA
Brazilian Ministry of Health [47] 2712 9 states Cross-sectional (2000-01) Age group:
17-19: 8.1%
20-24: 25.0%
25-29: 20.7%
30-39: 26.8%
40-49: 14.0%
≥50: 5.3%
NA Always used condom on previous 6 months:
With sexual clients: 67.3%
With stable partner: 19.2%
Overall: 6.1%
Intervention group: 6.6%
Control group: 5.6%
Injection drug use:
RR: 6.77 (3.44 - 13.17)
IDU partner:
RR: 2.70 (1.89 - 3.85)
Syphilis coinfection: RR: 3.56 (2.00 - 6.29)
HCV coinfection:
RR: 11.26 (7.28 - 17.40)
Pires & Miranda [48] 140 Espírito Santo Retrospective Cohort (1993-96) 25.9 ± 6.8 NA Always: 31.3%
Sometimes: 52.0%
Never: 16.7%
8.6% Injection drug use (p = 0,031)
Syphilis coinfection (p = 0,014).
  1. 1 IQR - Interquartile range