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Table 1 Selected Characteristics of 1219 Look AHEAD participants

From: Neighborhood and weight-related health behaviors in the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) Study

Characteristics  
Socio-demographic Characteristics  
Age (years) 59.5 ± 6.7
Sex
   Male 501 (41.1)
Education (years)
   16+ 192 (16.2)
   13 - 16 389 (32.7)
   ≤ 12 607 (51.1)
Race
   Black 327 (26.8)
   White 795 (65.2)
   Other 97 (8.0)
Income
   < $20,000 79 (7.5)
   $20,000-$40,000 184 (17.6)
   $40,000-$60,000 216 (20.7)
   $60,000-$80,000 185 (17.7)
   ≥ $80,000 382 (36.5)
Body mass index [BMI, kg/m2] 36.1 ± 5.7
   Overweight [20-29.9] 163 (13.4)
   Obese [30-34.9] 780(64.0)
   Extreme Obesity[≥ 35] 276 (22.6)
Neighborhood Census Tract Indicators
Percent Below Poverty [Range = 0, 0.67] 0.11 ± 0.10
Cubbin Deprivation Score [Range = -2.9, 2.8] 0.001 ± 0.78
Diez-Roux Deprivation Score [Range = -18.7, 12.0] 0.010 ± 5.0
Food Stores [Range = 0, 9] 1.3 ± 1.5
Convenience Stores [Range = 0, 4] 0.6 ± 0.8
Restaurants [Range = 0, 104] 6.8 ± 10.8
Other Food Stores [Range = 0, 9] 2.0 ± 2.8
Other Food Service [Range = 0, 9] 2.6 ± 3.2
Dietary Intake (daily)
Total Fat (%) ξ
   ≥ 35 465 (73.9)
   < 35 164 (26.1)
Saturated Fat (%) ξ
   ≥ 10 519 (82.5)
   < 10 110 (17.5)
Fruit & Vegetable (servings) ξ
   < 9 584 (92.8)
   ≥ 9 45 (7.2)
Eating Patterns
Eat breakfast (days/week)§
   7 vs < 7 839 (69.1)
Eat breakfast at a fast food restaurant
   ≥1 vs. 0 237 (27.7)
Eat breakfast at non-fast food restaurantψ
   ≥1 vs 0 335(27.7)
Eat lunch (days/week)¥
   7 vs < 7 827 (68.1)
Each lunch at a fast food restaurantχ
   ≥1 vs 0 440 (36.4)
Eat lunch at a non-fast food restaurantχ
   ≥1 vs 0 618 (51.2)
Eat dinner (days/week)¢
   7 vs < 7 1081 (89.2)
Eat dinner at a fast food restaurantχ
   ≥1 vs 0 285 (23.6)
Eat dinner at a non-fast foodτ
   ≥1 vs 0 876 (72.5)
Weight Loss
Attempting weight loss§
   Yes 1161 (95.6)
Participation in weight loss program ¥
   Yes 748 (61.6)
Weight Loss Control Practices (yes/no)
Food
Count fat grams¥ 194 (16.0)
Cut out between meal snacking τ 428 (35.4)
Eat less high carbohydrate foods 713 (58.9)
Reduce the number of calories eatenά 661 (54.5)
Record what you eat daily γ 442 (36.4)
Decrease fat intake τ 636 (52.6)
Eat meal replacements 193 (15.9)
Cut out sweets and junk food from diet 763 (63.0)
Increase fruit and vegetables 789 (65.3)
Fast or go without the food entirelyά 74 (6.1)
Count caloriesά 193 (15.9)
Eat special low calorie diet foods 256 (21.2)
Drink fewer alcoholic beverages 222 (18.5)
Eat less meat 430 (35.5)
Weight control food outcome summary score [0-13] 4.92 ± 3.06
Physical Activity
Keep a graph of exercise¥ 87 (7.2)
Increase your exercise levelsά 671 (55.3)
Use home exercise equipment§ 374 (30.8)
Record exercise daily¥ 149 (12.3)
Weight control physical activity outcome summary score [0-4] 1.05 ± 0.99
Weight Control
Keep graph of weight§ 82 (6.8)
Go to a weight loss group§ 173 (14.2)
Take diet pills§ 55 (4.5)
Other weight control activities 111 (13.1)
Smoke cigarettes§ 51 (4.2)
Weight control weight loss summary score [0-4] 0.38 ± 0.64
Resource Use (yes/no)
Food
Food preparation equipment purchased in the past year§ 621 (51.1)
Physical Activity
Positive feeling about exercise₫ 765 (63.9)
Indoor exercise purchases in the past year γ 411 (33.8)
Outdoor exercise purchases in the past year γ 103 (8.5)
Gym membership purchase in the past year ή 265 (21.7)
Resource use physical activity outcomes summary score 1.27 ± 0.96
Weight Control
Class membership/services for weight loss purchases in the past year§ 398 (32.8)
Joined a weight loss program in the past yearά 161 (13.3)
Resource use weight control outcomes summary score 0.46 ± 0.61
  1. N = 1188, N = 1046, ξN = 629, §N = 1215, ¥N = 1214, ¢N = 1212, N = 1210, ψN = 1211, χN = 1208, τN = 1209, n = 1203, ΩN = 1199, ΔN = 1205, N = 1200, N = 1197, άN = 1213, ή N = 1219, γ N = 1216
  2. All results are presented as n(%) or mean ± SD
  3. Higher Cubbin and Diez-Roux score= lower SES