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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study population. NIPPON DATA90, men and women aged 30 to 70 years in 1990.

From: Population Attributable Fraction of Smoking and Metabolic Syndrome on Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Japan: a 15-Year Follow Up of NIPPON DATA90

  Men Women
Number (N) 2752 3898
Age (year) 49.9 ±11.2 49.0 ±11.3
BMI (kg/m2) 23.1 ±3.0 22.9 ±3.3
SBP (mmHg) 136.2 ±19.5 131.3 ±19.9
DBP (mmHg) 83.8 ±11.7 79.4 ±11.8
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 199.6 ±36.6 205.5 ±38.0
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 50.4 ±15.0 57.5 ±14.9
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 151.8 ±108.8 119.1 ±79.8
Blood glucose (mg/dl) 102.0 ±33.4 101.1 ±28.9
Drinking     
   Non drinker 921 33.5% 3572 91.6%
   Ex-drinker 141 5.1% 39 1.0%
   Current drinker 1690 61.4% 287 7.4%
Smoking     
   Never smoker 556 20.2% 3431 88.0%
   Ex-smoker 601 21.8% 94 2.4%
   Current smoker 1595 58.0% 373 9.6%
Obesity 689 25.1% 912 23.4%
High blood pressure 1840 66.9% 2119 54.4%
High blood glucose 578 21.0% 829 21.3%
Dyslipidemia 1280 46.5% 1094 28.1%
  1. Values are number, %, or mean ± SD.
  2. High blood pressure, BP ≥ 130/85 mmHg or on treatment of hypertension; high blood glucose, blood glucose≥ 110 mg/dl or on treatment of diabetes; dyslipidemia as triglyceride≥ 150 mg/dl or high density lipoprotein < 40 mg/dl or on treatment of dyslipidemia.
  3. BMI, body mass index; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; HDL, high density lipoprotein.