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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: Low level exposure to cadmium increases the risk of chronic kidney disease: analysis of the NHANES 1999-2006

Age (years) 47 (32)
Males 2644 (48.7%)
Race/ethnicity  
   - Mexican American 1226 (22.6%)
   - Non Hispanic White 2740 (50.5%)
   - Non Hispanic Black 1072 (19.8%)
   - Other 388 (7.2%)
BMI (Kg/m2) 27.5 (7.4)
Smokers 2649 (48.8%)
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) 98 (35)
Chronic kidney disease 447 (8.2%)
UACR (mg/g) 6.7 (9.3)
Albuminuria 772 (14.2%)
Blood Cd (mcg/L) 0.40 (0.38)
Urinary Cd (mcg/g) 0.29 (0.35)