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Table 2 Estimates of the Risk of Rabies Transmissiona.

From: Estimating the risk of rabies transmission to humans in the U.S.: a delphi analysis

Scenario Exposure b 25thpercentile 50thpercentile 75thpercentile Range Recommend PEP (% "yes")c
1 Skunk (bite) 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.1 - 0.01 100
2 Bat (unk) 0.0001 0.001 0.001 0.01 - 0.000001 100
3 Dog (bite) 0.00001 0.00001 0.0001 0.001 - 0.00001 95
4 Dog (lick) 0.000001 0.000001 0.000001 0.00001 - 0.000001 10
5 Cat (bite) 0.0001 0.001 0.001 0.01 - 0.00001 100
6 Cat (lick) 0.000001 0.000001 0.000001 0.0001 - 0.000001 5
7 Human (unk) 0.000001 0.000001 0.000001 0.00001 -0.000001 20
  1. aStudy participants were asked to estimate the probability of developing rabies without rabies post-exposure prophylaxis for each indicated potential exposure scenario
  2. bbite - superficial laceration, area not washed or cleaned; lick - over skin with recent superficial scratches, area not washed or cleaned; unk - unknown if true exposure, no obvious bites, scratches, or direct contact with bodily fluids
  3. cPercentage of panel members recommending rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for the indicated scenario