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Table 3 Differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors between TV viewing groups among adolescents (n = 425)

From: Excessive TV viewing and cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents. The AVENA cross-sectional study

   Low TV viewing (n = 200) High TV viewing (n = 225) p
Waist circumference (cm) Model 1 72.2 ± 2.9 73.2 ± 2.9 0.259
  Model 2 78.8 ± 2.1 79.5 ± 2.1 0.299
Triglycerides (mg/dl)§ Model 1 60.3 ± 9.6 65.3 ± 9.4 0.085
  Model 2 64.1 ± 9.7 69.0 ± 9.5 0.096
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)§ Model 1 166.8 ± 8.4 167.5 ± 8.3 0.809
  Model 2 167.8 ± 8.6 168.4 ± 8.4 0.824
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl)§ Model 1 63.2 ± 3.5 60.1 ± 3.4 0.004
  Model 2 60.6 ± 3.5 57.6 ± 3.4 0.005
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dl)§ Model 1 91.6 ± 7.5 94.3 ± 7.4 0.242
  Model 2 94.4 ± 7.6 97.0 ± 7.5 0.265
Glucose (mg/dl)§ Model 1 89.7 ± 2.8 93.2 ± 2.8 <0.001
  Model 2 90.4 ± 2.9 93.9 ± 2.8 <0.001
Apoliprotein-A1 (mg/dl)§ Model 1 127.7 ± 5.3 122.7 ± 5.2 0.002
  Model 2 125.2 ± 5.3 120.4 ± 5.2 0.002
Apoliprotein-B100 (mg/dl)§ Model 1 65.0 ± 4.6 66.4 ± 4.5 0.337
  Model 2 66.7 ± 4.6 68.0 ± 4.6 0.366
Lipoprotein(a) (mg/dl)§ Model 1 26.5 ± 12.3 27.1 ± 12.2 0.876
  Model 2 28.9 ± 12.5 29.3 ± 12.4 0.900
CVD risk score Model 1 -1.5 ± 0.7 -0.5 ± 0.7 <0.001
  Model 2 -0.9 ± 0.7 0.0 ± 0.7 <0.001
  1. Values are mean ± SE. High TV viewing: >3 hrs/day.
  2. Model 1: Analysis of covariance adjusted by age, sex, sexual maturation and race. Model 2: Analysis of covariance adjusted by model 1 + weight status. § Values were natural log-transformed, but not transformed values are presented in the table. Analysis of variance in Model 1 and analysis of variance adjusted by weight status in Model 2.