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Table 4 Predictors of infant undernutrition at 6 months of age in Butajira Birth cohort, Ethiopia (n = 873)*

From: Prevalence and predictors of undernutrition among infants aged six and twelve months in Butajira, Ethiopia: The P-MaMiE Birth Cohort

  Underweight Stunting
  N (%) or Mean(SD) Crude OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted OR (95% CI) N (%) or Mean(SD) Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Feeding practices individually adjusted for full model       
Non-exclusive breast-feeding at 2 months 142 (16.5) 0.95(0.61,1.48) 0.94(0.57,1.53) 144(16.8) 0.98(0.65,1.47) 0.80(0.51,1.24)
No pre-lacteal food 810 (95.3) 0.97(0.45,2.07) 1.08(0.44,2.63) 806(95.3) 1.12(0.54,2.32) 1.21(0.54,2.72)
Colostrums not given 160 (18.8) 1.50(1.02,2.22) 1.06(0.67,1.66) 160(18.9) 0.87(0.59,1.30) 0.85(0.55,1.31)
Breast feeding delayed for 1 hour 576 (67.8) 1.53(1.06,2.21) 1.40(0.93,2.12) 574(67.8) 1.14(0.82,1.58) 1.13(0.79,1.63)
Fully adjusted model       
Characteristics of mother       
Age (years) 26.8(6.2) 1.01(0.99,1.04) 1.01(0.97,1.05) 26.9(6.2) 1.00(0.97,1.02) 0.99(0.96,1.03)
Height (metres) 1.58(0.06) 0.99(0.97,1.02) 1.00(0.97,1.03) 1.58(0.06) 1.01(0.98,1.03) 1.00(0.98,1.03)
Mid upper arm circumference (cm) 24.7(2.1) 0.88(0.81,0.96) 0.87(0.80,0.96) 24.7(2.1) 0.95(0.88,1.02) 0.94(0.87,1.02)
Being in polygamous marriage 153 (17.9) 1.01(0.67,1.54) 0.89(0.52,1.54) 153(17.7) 0.98(0.66,1.45) 1.06(0.64,1.76)
Autonomy scale (0-5) 1.1(1.9) 1.01(0.93,1.10) 1.06(0.96,1.17) 1.1(1.9) 1.07(0.99,1.16) 1.11(1.02,1.21)
Use khat and/or alcohol 101(11.7) 0.76(0.44,1.29) 0.84(0.47,1.52) 100(11.6) 0.90(0.56,1.46) 1.15(0.69,1.93)
Had at least one obstetric complication 534(63.9) 0.82(0.59,1.15) 0.97(0.66,1.42) 532(63.9) 0.82(0.60,1.12) 0.86(0.61,1.21)
Household characteristics       
Urban residence 124 (14.4) 0.45(0.26, 0.80) 0.54(0.23,1.27) 123(14.3) 1.06(0.69,1.62) 0.54(0.27,1.09)
Number of under 5 children:       
   0 174 (20.1) 1 1 176(20.4) 1 1
   1 447 (51.7) 0.76(0.50, 1.15) 0.54(0.33,0.89) 445(51.7) 1.00(0.68,1.48) 0.95(0.60,1.51)
   ≥ 2 243 (28.1) 0.83(0.53, 1.31) 0.73(0.43,1.27) 240(27.9) 0.92(0.59,1.42) 0.99(0.59,1.66)
Age of father in years 36.1(8.8) 1.02(1.00,1.04) 1.03(1.00,1.06) 36.0(8.9) 1.00(0.98,1.02) 1.01(0.98,1.04)
Poverty index (0 - 11) 7.3(2.0) 1.02(1.02,1.22) 0.97(0.85,1.11) 7.3(2.0) 0.96(0.89,1.03) 0.94(0.83,1.06)
Poor sanitary condition (0 -3) 1.5(1.0) 1.46(1.23,1.74) 1.35(1.09,1.68) 1.5(1.0) 0.97(0.83,1.13) 0.96(0.79,1.16)
Level of social support (0 - 4) 1.1(1.1) 1.01(0.87,1.18) 1.00(0.84,1.18) 1.1(1.1) 1.00(0.86,1.15) 1.00(0.86,1.16)
Characteristics of index child       
Female gender 422 (48.8) 0.53(0.38,0.74) 0.49(0.34,0.71) 420(48.8) 0.46(0.33,0.63) 0.40(0.28,0.56)
Not immunised at two months 352 (40.8) 0.95(0.68,1.32) 0.93(0.64,1.34) 351(40.9) 0.72(0.53,0.99) 0.71(0.51,1.00)
Severe illness in the first 2 months 184 (21.4) 1.12(0.76,1.65) 0.90(0.58,1.40) 184(21.4) 1.18(0.82,1.69) 1.03(0.69,1.53)
Birth weight:       
   Normal (> = 2500 g) 530 (61.3) 1 1 527(61.2) 1 1
   Low (<2500 g) 45 (5.2) 4.09(2.19,7.61) 4.12(2.06,8.21) 44(5.1) 1.57(0.80,3.05) 1.69(0.81,3.50)
   Not measured 289 (33.5) 0.96(0.67,1.37) 0.98(0.66,1.46) 290(33.7) 1.63(1.18,2.24) 1.50(1.06,2.13)
  1. * this number slightly vary in some variables due to missing values