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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of self-reported weekly food intake, exercise and sleep patterns in males and females; n = 5033, 4400 respectively.

From: Sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage consumption correlates with BMI, waist circumference, and poor dietary choices in school children

  Age Group 10-13 Age Group 14-16 Age Group 17-19 Total Overall Sig.
  Males Females Males Females Males Females   
n 1896 1459 1770 1661 1367 1280 9433  
Waist Circumference (cm) 69.58 66.30 79.06 70.77 84.38 70.89 73.38 <.0001
  12.36 a 10.11 b 14.64 c 10.79 a 15.23 d 11.07 a 13.92 e  
BMI (kg/m2) 20.41 20.62 23.39 23.13 25.56 23.69 22.67 <.0001
  5.52 a 5.37 a 6.5 b 5.73 bd 7.37 c 5.64 b 6.3 d  
Sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage 6.39 6.02 8.89 6.78 9.59 7.03 7.42 <.0001
  5.34 ab 5.34 a 6.46 d 5.3b f 6.96 c 5.81 ef 6.02 e  
Diet carbonated beverage 1.53 1.13 1.28 0.96 1.51 0.92 1.23 <.0001
  2.83 a 2.34 bd 2.68 ad 2.12 b 3.58 a 2.5 b 2.71 d  
Fruit Juice 3.76 4.10 3.75 3.77 3.85 3.96 3.85 <0.004
  2.86 a 2.55 bc 2.92 a 2.57 a 3.15 ac 2.71 ac 2.8 a  
Milk, Full-Fat 2.84 2.11 2.71 1.84 2.75 1.93 2.39 <.0001
  3.2 a 2.82 b 3.37 a 2.58 b 3.5 a 2.57 b 3.07 c  
Milk, Low-Fat 0.04 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.002 0.02 0.02 0.118
  0.68 a 0.33 a 0.25 a 0.37 a 0.06 a 0.3 a 0.4 a  
Added sugar in hot beverages (g) 12.08 7.36 18.08 11.54 27.18 16.62 15.19 <.0001
  30.24 a 13.93 b 32.04 c 17.62 a 58.16 d 26.31 ce 32.88 e  
Fast Food Meals 3.88 4.93 4.21 4.67 4.24 5.15 4.47 <.0001
  3.7 a 4.4 be 3.74 ad 4.07 ce 3.88 ac 4.53 b 4.05 cd  
Pizza 1.30 1.34 1.10 1.15 0.99 1.14 1.18 <.0001
  1.49 a 1.39 a 1.27 bc 1.27 bd 1.22 c 1.28 cd 1.34 bd  
Savory snacks 4.96 5.31 4.68 5.33 3.98 5.27 4.93 <.0001
  3.52 ad 3.4 ac 3.61 d 3.21 bc 3.58 e 3.41 ac 3.49 d  
Sweet Snacks 2.90 3.20 2.79 3.13 2.59 3.04 2.94 <.0001
  3.01 abc 3.13 b 3.03 ac 3.17 bd 3.01 c 2.96 ba 3.06 ad  
Ice cream desserts 2.75 3.10 2.55 2.88 2.04 2.62 2.67 <.0001
  3.01 ac 2.58 b 2.57 c 2.4 ab 2.15 d 2.45 ac 2.58 c  
Fruit1 12.64 10.54 11.17 8.87 10.70 8.64 10.55 <.0001
  8.73 a 7.17 bd 8.39 b 6.71 c 8.34 bd 6.69 c 7.9 d  
Vegetables2 6.54 6.32 5.66 5.80 5.32 5.92 5.95 <.0001
  4.88 a 4.38 ad 4.4 bc 4.12 b 4.37 c 4.24 bd 4.44 b  
Local rice dishes 4.48 3.86 4.81 4.31 5.38 4.50 4.55 <.0001
  2.81 ad 2.71 b 2.82 c 2.62 d 2.75 e 2.58 ad 2.76 a  
Fish 1.03 0.92 0.88 0.78 0.77 0.78 0.87 <.0001
  1.37 a 1.29 ac 1.22 bc 1.14 b 1.14 b 1.18 b 1.24 bc  
Eggs 2.81 2.38 2.48 2.08 2.51 2.08 2.41 <.0001
  2.42 a 2.24 b 2.3 b 2.13 c 2.31 b 2 c 2.26 b  
Cheese 3.66 3.78 3.86 3.83 3.90 4.07 3.84 <0.006
  2.89 a 2.61 ab 3.08 ab 2.63 ab 2.64 ab 2.64 b 2.78 ab  
Sliced Bread 1.43 1.04 1.38 1.13 1.32 1.15 1.25 <.0001
  2.21 a 1.89 b 2.22 ac 2.05 bd 2.15 ad 1.98 bd 2.1 cd  
Cereal, sweetened 1.37 1.34 0.91 0.82 0.58 0.59 0.96 <.0001
  2.22 a 2.08 a 1.93 c 1.61 c 1.49 d 1.31 d 1.86 bc  
Cereal, unsweetened 0.98 1.03 0.72 0.65 0.46 0.59 0.75 <.0001
  1.85 a 1.86 a 1.64 bd 1.46 bd 1.33 c 1.37 dc 1.63 b  
Total Energy (kcal) 2624.4 2560.2 2710.4 2526.6 2733.0 2554.0 2619.5 <.0001
  1226.15 ab 1191.6 b 1221.7 ac 1139.2 b 1197.31 a 1162.8 b 1194.5 bc  
Total Sugar (g) 172.29 169.34 181.36 163.29 182.95 164.73 172.47 <.0001
  85.41 ae 81.73 ce 87.92 d 79.1 c 91.04 bd 81.84 ac 84.93 e  
Total Fat (g) 102.95 102.29 105.76 102.01 105.90 103.17 103.67 0.157
  51.08 a 50.11 a 50.7 a 48.67 a 48.75 a 49.41 a 49.89 a  
Total Saturated Fat (g) 34.72 34.81 35.06 34.17 34.50 34.14 34.59 0.695
  17.15 a 16.78 a 16.73 a 16.17 a 15.91 a 16.12 a 16.53 a  
Number of exercise occasions 2.36 1.09 2.05 0.89 1.71 0.75 1.54 <.0001
  1.85 a 1.35 b 1.81 c 1.18 d 1.71 e 1.1 d 1.67 g  
Children performing no exercise3 254 486 301 662 317 611 2,631 <0.05
  (13.4)a (33.3)b (17)c (39.9)d (23.2)e (47.7)f (27.9)g  
< 6 hours of night-time sleep3 599 553 678 787 678 717 4,012 <0.05
  (31.6)a (37.9)b (38.3)b (47.4)c (49.6)c (56)d (42.5)e  
≥ 1 hours of day-time sleep3 1450 1215 1519 1556 1244 1219 8203 <0.05
  (76.5)a (83.3)be (85.8)b (93.7)cd (91)c (95.2)d (87.9)e  
  1. Data are presented as either means and standard deviation for continuous variables; or N (%) for categorical variables. Uncommon letters denote statistically significant differences abcdefg (P < 0.05).
  2. 1 Combination of dates, apples, oranges and bananas
  3. 2 Combination of carrots, salad and corn
  4. 3 P-values based on z-test for column proportions, adjusted by Bonferroni's correction for multiplicity.