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Table 3 Perceived rejection, self non-acceptance and social support in relation to MSM behaviors

From: Comparison of risk behaviors and socio-cultural profile of men who have sex with men survey respondents recruited via venues and the internet

  All Group V Group I  
  (n = 566) (n = 340) (n = 226) Univariate OR
  Col% Col% Col% (Group I vs. Group V)
Self-acceptance of MSM sexual orientation     
Felt uneasy about their sexual orientation     
   No 64.5 71.5 54.0 1.00
   Yes 35.5 28.5 46.0 2.14***
Felt ashamed of their sexual orientation     
   No 78.4 84.4 69.5 1.00
   Yes 21.6 15.6 30.5 2.38***
Afraid others knowing their sexual orientation     
   No 36.0 45.9 21.2 1.00
   Yes 64.0 54.1 78.8 3.14***
Fully accept their sexual orientation     
   Yes 88.7 92.0 83.6 1.00
   No/a little 11.3 8.0 16.4 2.26**
Would date/marry a woman to hide their sexual orientation     
   No 75.1 82.4 64.2 1.00
   Yes(already did so/may be) 24.9 17.6 35.8 2.61***
Number of items showing self non-acceptance of MSM behaviors (to the above 5 items)     
   0 to 2 non-acceptance responses 74.4 81.8 63.3 1.00
   3 to 5 non-acceptance responses 25.6 18.2 36.7 2.60***
Perceived MSM-related discrimination     
Perceived discrimination against MSM in Hong Kong     
   Very little/little 37.5 50.3 18.1 1.00
   A fair amount/a great deal 62.5 49.7 81.9 4.57***
Felt being discriminated because of their sexual orientation     
   No 37.3 51.8 15.5 1.00
   Yes 62.7 48.2 84.5 5.86***
Experienced pressure from family & friends due to their sexual orientation     
   No 34.7 40.1 26.5 1.00
   Yes 65.3 59.9 73.5 1.85**
Number of items showing perceived discrimination against MSM (to the above 3 items)     
   0 - 2 discrimination responses 61.3 75.3 40.3 1.00
   3 discrimination responses 38.7 24.7 59.7 4.52***
Perceived social support     
Family knowing their sexual orientation     
   A few or none 78.4 75.6 82.7 1.00
   All or most of them 21.6 24.4 17.3 0.64*
Family supporting their sexual orientation     
   No/unaware of one's sexual orientation 83.7 79.1 90.7 1.00
   Yes 16.3 20.9 9.3 0.39***
Best friends supporting their sexual orientation     
   No/unaware of one's sexual orientation 36.0 30.6 44.2 1.00
   Yes 64.0 69.4 55.8 0.56**
Having someone to talk to about their sexual orientation     
   No 26.9 17.4 41.2 1.00
   Yes/no need 73.1 82.6 58.8 0.30***
Number of friends having MSM behaviors     
   A few or none 58.8 46.6 77.0 1.00
   All or most of them 41.2 53.4 23.0 0.26***
Perceived extent of support received regarding MSM behaviors (to the above 5 items)     
   0 - 3 support responses 83.9 78.8 91.6 1.00
   4 -5 support responses 16.1 21.2 8.4 0.34***
  1. Group V: Venue-recruited MSM; Group I: Internet-recruited MSM.
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001.