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Table 3 Determinants of professional care seeking (HLM Poisson regression): individual effects

From: Divorce, divorce rates, and professional care seeking for mental health problems in Europe: a cross-sectional population-based study

  Model 1: Baseline Model 2: Need indicators added Model 3: Full individual level model Model 4: Country level and cross-level indicators added Model 5: More parsimonious model (Supply indicator removed)
  Coeff. SE P Coeff. SE P Coeff. SE P Coeff. SE P Coeff. SE P
Intercept -1.781 0.055 *** -1.998 0.077 *** -2.006 0.075 *** -2.017 0.067 *** -2.016 0.067 ***
INDIVIDUAL-LEVEL VARIABLES                
PREDISPOSING CHARACTERISTICS                
Marital status (Married/Cohabitants = ref.)                
Divorced/Separated 0.588 0.115 *** 0.366 0.092 *** 0.339 0.096 ** 0.378 0.099 *** 0.377 0.098 ***
Single 0.024 0.094   0.090 0.070   0.070 0.079   0.080 0.087   0.080 0.086  
Widowed 0.456 0.066 *** -0.093 0.065   -0.072 0.067   -0.042 0.078   -0.043 0.077  
Other 0.183 0.268   0.048 0.222   -0.070 0.237   -0.096 0.240   -0.031 0.228  
Gender (Men = ref.)                
Women 0.303 0.055 *** 0.108 0.053   0.096 0.053   0.094 0.050 * 0.093 0.050 *
Women*divorced/separated -0,039 0.126   -0.020 0.100   -0.014 0.103   -0.014 0.108   -0.013 0.108  
Number of children up to 15 years                
Number of other adults        -0.026 0.018   -0.210 0.018   -0.210 0.018  
Education (≥20 years = ref.)                
16--19 years        0.001 0.060   -0.012 0.042   -0.012 0.042  
≤15 years or other        -0.037 0.062   -0.050 0.049   -0.050 0.049  
Still studying        -0.206 0.338   -0.209 0.115 * -0.210 0.115 *
Don't know        0.027 0.118   0.009 0.102   0.011 0.102  
Work status (Manual workers = ref.)                
Self-employed        0.140 0.096   0.115 0.071   0.116 0.071  
Managers/professionals        0.036 0.104   0.033 0.069   0.035 0.069  
White-collar workers        -0.123 0.114   -0.119 0.068 * -0.119 0.068 *
Housewives/househusbands        0.140 0.083   0.136 0.066 **    
Unemployed        0.165 0.093   0.170 0.067 ** 0.171 0.067 **
Retired        0.246 0.082 ** 0.247 0.058 *** 0.247 0.058 ***
Age        -0.005 0.003 * -0.005 0.001 *** -0.005 0.001 ***
ENABLING RESOURCES                
First health support                
from family        0.043 0.043   0.042 0.032   0.043 0.032  
from friends        0.079 0.059   0.079 0.038 ** 0.078 0.038 **
Urbanization        0.050 0.034   0.047 0.020 ** 0.048 0.020 **
NEED FACTORS                
Mental well-being     -0.802 0.055 *** -0.795 0.055 *** -0.794 0.023 *** -0.795 0.023 ***
Physical health     -0.195 0.024 *** -0.192 0.024 *** -0.192 0.016 *** -0.192 0.016 ***