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Table 1 Overview of intervention call content: behaviour change techniques and their application

From: A cluster randomised trial of a telephone-based intervention for parents to increase fruit and vegetable consumption in their 3- to 5-year-old children: study protocol

Key Theme Content Behaviour Change Technique Application of
Behaviour Change Technique
WEEK 1
Availability and Accessibility
Dietary recommendations and serving sizes   
  Children's food diary Prompt self-monitoring of behaviour Parents are asked to monitor their children's intake of fruit, and vegetables over 3 days.
  Ways to provide fruit and vegetables throughout the day   
  Setting goals Prompt specific goal-setting Parents are encouraged to set a program goal.
WEEK 2
Availability and Accessibility, Supportive Family Eating Routines
Changing the family routine Prompt intention formation Parents decide which activities they will attempt in the coming week.
  Availability and accessibility of foods in the home Provide general encouragement Interviewers provide positive feedback about any helpful practices occurring in the home.
  Mealtime practices Teach to use prompts or cues Parents learn the HELPS acronym, i.e. try to eat when Hungry, not attempting anything else at the same time (focus on Eating), at an appropriate Location to eat, from a Plate, and while Sitting.
  Meal planning   
  Review of goals Prompt review of behavioural goals Parents review the goals they set during the previous calls and evaluate their progress.
WEEK 3
Parental role-modelling, Supportive Family Eating Routines
The Ps and Cs division of feeding responsibility Teach to use prompts or cues Parents learn the Ps and Cs: Parents are encouraged to Plan, Prepare and Provide. Children are encouraged to Choose (whether, what and how much to eat) [49].
  Mealtime strategies to encourage vegetable consumption Prompt intention formation Parents decide which activities they will attempt in the coming week.
   Provide general encouragement Interviewers provide positive feedback about any helpful practices occurring in the home.
  Role-modelling of fruit and vegetable consumption Prompt identification as a role model Parents are provided information about their importance in role-modelling fruit and vegetable consumption. Their consumption is compared with national nutrition recommendations. Tailored feedback is provided.
WEEK 4
Availability and Accessibility
Parental role-modelling, Supportive Family Eating Routines
Review of weeks 1-3 Provide general encouragement Interviewers provide positive feedback about any helpful practices occurring in the home
  Planning for the future and dealing with difficult situations Prompt barrier identification Parents are encouraged to identify barriers that will prevent them implementing what they have learnt and to generate solutions.
  Review of goals Prompt review of behavioural goals Parents review their program goal, evaluate their progress and identify how they can maintain the change