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Table 1 Description of physicians at baseline and at three-year follow-up after a counselling intervention.

From: A three-year cohort study of the relationships between coping, job stress and burnout after a counselling intervention for help-seeking physicians

  Baseline Three-year
Follow up
Level of significance
  Mean (SD) or
Number (%, 95% CI)
Mean (SD) or
Number (%, 95% CI)
McNemar's test
Age (years at baseline)
n = 184
46.8 (8.9)  
Gender: Men/women
n = 184
83 (45%)/101 (55%)  
Married/cohabiting
n = 184
152
(82.6, 77.1-88.1)
135
(73.4, 67.0-79.8)
p = 0.007**
Have children aged <16 years 90/184
(48.9, 41.7-56.1)
74/171
(40.2, 32.9-47.5)
p = 0.02*
Specialty
n = 184
   
   Internal medicine 27
(14.7, 9.6 - 19.8)
34
(18.5, 12.9-24.1)
p = 0.02*
   Surgery 30
(16.3, 11.0-21.6)
34
(18.5, 12.9-24.5)
p = 0.22
   Psychiatry 16
(8.7, 4.6 - 12.8)
17
(9.2, 5.0 - 13.4)
p = 1.00
   General practice 45
(24.5, 18.3 - 30.7)
50
(27.2, 20.8 - 33.6)
p = 0.18
   Social and laboratory med. 16
(8.7, 4.6 - 12.8)
19
(10.3, 5.9 - 14.7)
p = 0.25
   Non-specialist 50
(27.2, 20.8 - 33.6)
18
(9.8, 5.5 - 14.1)
p < 0.001***
   Missing   12
(6.5, 2.9 - 10.1)
 
Proportion on full time sick leave at present n = 184 60
(32.6%, 25.8 - 39.4))
10
(5.4%, 2.1 - 8.7)
p < 0.001***
    t-test
Level of emotional exhaustion (1-5) n = 164 3.0 (0.9) 2.4 (0.8) t = 7.6 p < 0.001***
Level of job stress (1-5) n = 173 2.4 (0.7) 1.9 (0.6) t = 8.2
p < 0.001***
Level of emotion-focused coping (1-5) n = 183 2.9 (0.8) 2.5 (0.8) t = 7.0
p < 0.001***
Level of neuroticism (1-6) n = 182 2.6 (1.8) 2.0 (1.8) t = 5.0
p < 0.001***
    Wilcoxon rank test
Number of weeks on full time sick leave/disability/
rehab benefits during the preceding year
4.4 (7.9)
(n = 172)
3.2 (9.8)
(n = 178)
z = -3.1 p = 0.002**
Work hours per week (h) 43.2 (8.5)
(n = 176)
39.6 (11.2)
(n = 166)
z = -3.7 p < 0.001***
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001