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Table 3 Univariate analysis of potential risk factors of soil-transmitted helminths in mother and their infants in the Butajira birth cohort, Ethiopia, 2007

From: Prevalence and risk factors for soil-transmitted helminth infection in mothers and their infants in Butajira, Ethiopia: a population based study

Risk factor   Soil-transmitted helminths in the mother (N = 908) Soil-transmitted helminths in the child (N = 905)
  N(%) n(%) Crude OR (95%CI) P-value n(%) Crude OR (95%CI) P-value
Living in thatched house vs. corrugated sheet 697 (76.8) 322 (46.2) 1.62 (1.18,2.24) 0.003 28 (4.0) 0.51 (0.27,0.96) 0.037
Toilet use vs. open field§ 564 (62.1) 234 (41.5) 0.81 (0.62,1.06) 0.080 32 (5.7) 1.66 (0.84,3.26) 0.144
Main water source     0.188    <0.001
   Inside pipe§ 54 (6.0) 17 (31.5) 1   10 (18.5) 1  
   Outside pipe 577 (64.0) 262 (45.4) 1.81 (1.00, 3.29)   26 (4.5) 0.21 (0.09, 0.46)  
   Well/stream/rain 118(13.1) 47 (39.8) 1.44 (0.73, 2.85)   5 (4.3) 0.20 (0.06, 0.61)  
   River 153 (17.0) 66 (43.1) 1.65 (0.86, 3.19)   3 (2.0) 0.09 (0.02, 0.33)  
Animal spend the night inside 573 (63.2) 250 (43.6) 1.02 (0.78,1.34) 0.880 22 (3.9) 0.57 (0.31,1.04) 0.068
Cooking inside the main house 729 (80.8) 334 (45.8) 1.68 (1.18,2.37) 0.003 29 (4.0) 0.43(0.23,0.83) 0.012
Soap use     0.008    0.299
   Daily 321 (35.4) 118 (36.8) 1 0.003 19 (5.9) 1 0.576
   At least once a wk 532 (58.6) 249 (46.8) 1.51 (1.14, 2.01)   21 (4.0) 0.65 (0.35, 1.23)  
   Less frequent than once a week 55 (6.1) 28 (50.9) 1.78 (1.00, 3.17)   4 (7.4) 1.27 (0.41, 3.88)  
Household waste disposal(N = 904)     0.013    0.996
   Buried/Burned 190 (21.0) 65 (34.2) 1   9 (4.8) 1  
   Open field 248 (27.3) 115 (46.4) 1.66 (1.23,2.46)   12 (4.8) 1.02 (0.42,2.47)  
   Used as fertilizers 469 (51.7) 215 (45.8) 1.63 (1.15,2.31)   23 (4.9) 1.04 (0.47,2.28)  
Maternal helminth infection 395 (43.5) - - - 22 (5.6) 1.32 (0.72,2.42) 0.368
  1. §pit latrine, flush type and improvised pit latrine, p for trend
  2. $Inside pipe users are those who have a pipe inside the compound and usually used privately.
  3. Outside pipe users are those whose source of water is from a pipe outside the compound mainly shared.
  4. N = total number of study participants, n = number of outcome for each exposure