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Table 1 Select characteristics of 17,337 ACE Study participants at baseline

From: Adverse childhood experiences are associated with the risk of lung cancer: a prospective cohort study

Characteristic N (%)
Age (years)  
   18-34 1721 (9.9)
   35-49 4494 (25.9)
   50-64 5534 (31.9)
   65-74 3715 (21.4)
   ≥ 75 1873 (10.8)
Women 9367 (54.0)
Nonwhite 4373 (25.2)
Education  
   < high school 1251 (7.2)
   High school graduate 3044 (17.6)
   Some college 6220 (35.9)
   College graduate 6822 (39.3)
Unmarried 5331 (30.7)
Financial problems 2040 (11.8)
Smoking status  
   Current 1490 (8.6)
   Former 7040 (40.6)
   Never 8807 (50.8)
History of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 781 (4.5)
History of asthma 1780 (10.3)
History of tuberculosis 1921 (11.1)