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Table 2 General Characteristics of Studies.

From: Exercise and global well-being in community-dwelling adults with fibromyalgia: a systematic review with meta-analysis

Reference N Age
(Years)
Gender
(F/M)
Duration FM (Years) Exercise Intervention
Da Costa et al. (2005)[8] Ex: 39
Con (usual care): 40
Ex: 49.2 ± 8.7
Con: 52.3 ± 10.8
F Ex:10.5 ± 8.4
Con: 11.2 ± 7.6
12 weeks home-based aerobic exercise, 60-120 min/week, 60-85% MHR; strengthening & stretching; compliance to aerobic exercise, 65.9%
Gowans et al.(2001)[9] Ex: 27
Con (usual care): 23
Ex: 44.6 ± 8.7
Con: 49.8 ± 7.3
F (88%)/M Ex: 9.6 ± 8.6
Con: 8.4 ± 7.6
23 weeks supervised, facility-based aerobic exercise, 3×/wk, 20 min/day, 60-75% MHR; compliance, 67%.
King et al. 2002)[10] Ex: 46
Con (attention control): 39
Ex: 45.2 ± 9.4
Con: 47.3 ± 7.3
F Ex: 7.8 ± 6.1
Con: 9.6 ± 7.9
12 weeks supervised, facility-based aerobic ex, 3×/wk, 10-40 min/day, 75%MHR
Kingsley et al. (2005)[11] Ex: 15
Con (usual care): 14
Ex: 45 ± 9
Con: 47 ± 4
F Ex: 9 ± 10
Con: 7 ± 5
12 weeks strength training, 11 ex, 2×/wk, 1 set, 8-12 reps, 40-80% 1RM
Munguia-Izquierdo & Legaz-Arrese (2007)[12] Ex: 29
Con (usual care): 24
Ex: 50 ± 7
Con: 46 ± 8
F Ex: 14 ± 10
Con: 14 ± 9
16 weeks supervised, facility-based ex, 3×/wk; strengthening (1-3 sets, 8-15 reps, 8-10 ex); aerobic (20-30 min, 50-80% MHR); compliance ≥ 75%
Schachter et al. (2003)[13] Ex (sb): 56
Ex: (lb): 51
Con (monthly small group meetings to discuss fibromyalgia): 36
Ex (sb): 41.9 ± 8.6
Ex: (lb): 41.3 ± 8.7
Con: 42.5 ± 6.7
F Ex (sb): 8.6 ± 6.0
Ex (lb): 8.8 ± 6.2
Con: 8.8 ± 5.0
16 weeks home-based, low-impact aerobic ex; short bout, 2×/day, 3×/wk, 5-15 min/session, 40-75% HRR; long bout, 1×/day, 3×/wk, 10-30 min/session, 40-75% HRR
Tomas-Carus et al. (2007) [14] Ex: 17
Con (usual care): 17
Ex: 51 ± 10
Con: 51 ± 9
F Ex: 24 ± 9
Con: 19 ± 8
12 weeks, supervised, facility-based aerobic and strengthening ex, 3×/wk; aerobic, 20 min/day, 65-75% MHR; compliance >95%
  1. Notes: Description of groups and subjects from each study limited to those that met the inclusion criteria; N, number of subjects; age reported as mean () ± standard deviation (SD); F, females; M, males; Ex, Exercise; Con, Control; FM, fibromyalgia; MHR, maximum heart rate; 1RM, one-repetition maximum; HRR, heart rate reserve; lb, long bout; sb, short bout; min, minutes; wk, week; reps, repetitions.