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Table 1 List of review articles by study type, population covered, and outcome measured (partner notification was investigated as a primary outcome in these studies).

From: Partner notification for sexually transmitted infections in developing countries: a systematic review

References Study design Population and settings PN outcome measured Type of notification/counseling
[26]Clarke et al.2007 (Moderate)* Survey with prospective follow-up 287 STI patients in peri-urban clinic in Peru Past experience of PN, reasons for informing or not informing partner Patient oriented notification Counseling by trained professional
[23]Desormeaux et al 1996 (Moderate) Survey with prospective follow-up 23 pregnant women and 10 partners and 384 prenatal women in slum of Haiti Partner referral proportions knowledge, attitudes of PN Patient and provider oriented notification,
No indication of counseling
[23]Díaz-Dlavarrieta et al 2007 (Low) Cross sectional survey 209 women with syphilis and139 partners in maternity hospital in urban Bolivia To understand association between PN and partner violence Patient-led notification Trained social worker provided counseling
[18]Faxelid et al 1996 (Moderate) Randomized trial 396 STI patients (94 women and 302 men) in urban clinic, in Zambia If counseling is effective for improving partner referral Patient-oriented notification counseling provided by female nurse and male clinical office
[25]Gichangi et al, 2000 (Moderate) Cross sectional study 377 women with syphilis, in maternity clinic in Kenya Proportion of partner notified and their determinants Patient oriented notification.
No indication of counseling
[62]Koumans et al, 1999 (Moderate) Observational study 9552 STI patients in outpatient clinics in urban Central Africa Republic Acceptability of patient-referral PN approach, and determine indicators Patient oriented notification No indication of counseling
[24]Klisch et al.2007 (Moderate) Qualitative study guided by psychological empowerment model 18 women diagnosed with antenatal syphilis in maternity hospital in urban Bolivia Psychological empowerment factors corresponding to PN(intrapersonal, behavioral) Patient-led notification A trained social worker provided counseling
[19]Liu et al, 2002 (Moderate) Cross sectional study 406 men with STI in urban clinics in China To understand factors related to
partner referral
Patient oriented notification
No indication of counseling
[14]Moyo et al. 2002 (Moderate) Randomized trial and qualitative study 272 STI patients (135 men and 137 women) in public STD clinic in Zimbabwe Effectiveness of single session counseling on partner referral Patient oriented referral Health care worker provided counseling
[10]Mathews et al 2002(Moderate) Pre and post intervention evaluation 335 STI patients, 185 in intervention group and 150 in health care clinic in South Africa Self efficacy for partner referral and actual partner referral counseling Patient oriented referral, Video based education
[16]Njeru et al 1995(Moderate) Post intervention survey 254 STI patients (94 men and160 women) in primary level heath centre in Nairobi, Kenya. Proportion of PN and referral Patient-oriented notification Counseling provided by trained medical students
[17]Nuwaha et al. 2001 (Moderate) Randomized trial 383 STI patients (187 women and 196 men) in urban STD clinic In Uganda Efficacy of patient delivered partner medication approach Patient-oriented referral Information, education and counseling by clinical officers
[22]Nuwaha et al. 2001 (Moderate) Prospective cohort based on social cognitive model 426 STI patients (236 women and 190 men)in urban STI clinic in Uganda Intention to refer partner and actual partner referral Patient-oriented referral Patient-oriented referral Counseling provided by clinical officers
[15]Nuwaha et al, 2000 (Moderate) Qualitative study, FGD and in-depth interviews 10 FGDs, and 40 in-depth district hospital in Uganda To understand psychosocial factors associated with partner referral Patient oriented notification No indication of counseling
[38]Sahasrabuddhe et al. 2002 (Moderate) Survey with prospective follow-up 182 STI patients (157 male, 25 female) in district hospital in India Intentions to notify partners and actual partner referral Patient oriented notification did not mention who counseled
[34]Shumin et al. 2004 (Moderate) Prospective cross sectional study 730 men with STIs in reference STI clinic in China Proportion of patients willing to notify; proportion of partner referred Patient oriented notification No indication of counseling
[37]Steen et al 1996(Moderate) Cross sectional survey 427 patients with STI symptoms (325, women, 102 men) in primary care clinics, semi urban Rwanda. Proportion of partner referral Patient-oriented referral. Nurses provided prevention education
[47]Wakasiaka. et al, 2003(Moderate) Survey of STI patients and providers 407 STI patients in urban primary care clinics in Kenya Utilization of PN Patient oriented referral, health care workers provided counseling
[27]Young et al 2007(Low) Cross sectional survey within a randomized trial 626 women with STIs in urban clinics in South Africa Acceptability and feasibility of two PN methods Patient oriented notification and patient delivered notification No information on counseling
  1. * Texts in parenthesis indicate quality ratings of the review studies as per our criteria mentioned in the methodology section