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Table 3 BMI status and health outcomes: Means and prevalence of health outcomes by BMI status; crude and adjusted1 odds ratios (for dichotomous variables) and regression coefficients (for continuous variables) with 95% confidence intervals; imputed data n = 3960

From: Comorbidities of obesity in school children: a cross-sectional study in the PIAMA birth cohort

  BMI status
Health outcome Thinness
n = 327
Normal weight
n = 2999
Moderate overweight
n = 480
Obesity
n = 154
RAND score     
Mean (s.d.) 26.9 (3.8) 27.8 (3.5) 27.2 (3.7) 26.4 (4.1)
β (95% CI) -0.98 (-1.52; -0.44)   -0.64 (-1.03; -0.25) -1.42 (-2.24; -0.61)
adj. β (95% CI) -0.94 (-1.49; -0.39)   -0.59 (-0.98; -0.20) -1.29 (-2.10; -0.47)
GP contact during last 2 months (yes)     
% 25.4 21.1 21.1 37.9
OR (95% CI) 1.28 (0.93;1.74) 1.00 1.00 (0.75;1.34) 2.28 (1.47;3.56)
aOR (95% CI) 1.24 (0.90;1.71) 1.00 0.98 (0.73;1.30) 2.17 (1.38;3.42)
Not to school due to illness in last 2 months (≥ 1 day)     
% 31.9 28.0 33.1 41.1
OR (95% CI) 1.20 (0.88;1.64) 1.00 1.27 (0.96;1.67) 1.79 (1.17;2.73)
aOR (95% CI) 1.22 (0.89;1.67) 1.00 1.28 (0.97;1.68) 1.82 (1.19;2.78)
Health-related limitations last 2 months (yes)     
% 19.8 16.4 18.9 28.5
OR (95% CI) 1.26 (0.88;1.80) 1.00 1.19 (0.90;1.57) 2.02 (1.24;3.30)
aOR (95% CI) 1.24 (0.86;1.78) 1.00 1.19 (0.91;1.57) 1.98 (1.21;3.25)
Flu/serious cold last 12 months (yes)     
% 15.8 13.7 22.9 20.7
OR (95% CI) 1.18 (0.79;1.76) 1.00 1.87 (1.39;2.53) 1.63 (0.94;2.81)
aOR (95% CI) 1.13 (0.76;1.69) 1.00 1.83 (1.35;2.48) 1.50 (0.86;2.63)
Throat infection last 12 months (yes)     
% 5.5 5.4 7.1 8.1
OR (95% CI) 1.02 (0.55;1.88) 1.00 1.34 (0.86;2.09) 1.45 (0.51;4.11)
aOR (95% CI) 1.02 (0.55;1.89) 1.00 1.24 (0.79;1.93) 1.34 (0.46;3.88)
Ear infection last 12 months (yes)     
% 10.6 9.1 9.4 15.5
OR (95% CI) 1.17 (0.67;2.02) 1.00 1.03 (0.69;1.54) 1.80 (0.87;3.73)
aOR (95% CI) 1.12 (0.65;1.95) 1.00 0.98 (0.66;1.47) 1.64 (0.79;3.39)
Bronchitis last 12 months (yes)     
% 5.7 2.8 2.9 13.8
OR (95% CI) 2.04 (0.86;4.85) 1.00 1.01 (0.49;2.09) 5.52 (2.75;11.08)
aOR (95% CI) 2.07 (0.88;4.88) 1.00 0.98 (0.48;2.02) 5.29 (2.58;10.85)
Antibiotics in last 12 months (yes)     
% 17.8 16.1 20.6 27.5
OR (95% CI) 1.12 (0.74;1.70) 1.00 1.35 (1.00;1.83) 1.96 (1.19;3.22)
aOR (95% CI) 1.09 (0.71;1.66) 1.00 1.27 (0.94;1.72) 1.79 (1.09;2.93)
  1. 1 Adjusted for gender, region, maternal education, breast feeding and smoking in the home at age 8