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Table 2 BMI status and health outcomes: Means and prevalence of health outcomes by BMI status; crude and adjusted1 odds ratios (for dichotomous variables) and regression coefficients (for continuous variables) with 95% confidence intervals; complete cases n = 1971

From: Comorbidities of obesity in school children: a cross-sectional study in the PIAMA birth cohort

  BMI status
Health outcome Thinness
n = 138
Normal weight
n = 1555
Moderate overweight
n = 227
Obesity
n = 51
RAND score     
Mean (s.d.) 26.9 (3.5) 28.0 (3.4) 27.3 (3.5) 26.5 (3.9)
β (95% CI) -1.04 (-1.65; -0.44)   -0.64 (-1.12; -0.16) -1.51 (-2.47; -0.54)
adj. β (95% CI) -1.02 (-1.62; -0.42)   -0.62 (-1.10; -0.13) -1.45 (-2.41; -0.48)
GP contact during last 2 months (yes)     
% 24.5 20.1 18.9 33.3
OR (95% CI) 1.28 (0.86;1.93) 1.00 0.93 (0.65;1.32) 1.98 (1.09;3.60)
aOR (95% CI) 1.26 (0.84;1.90) 1.00 0.91 (0.64;1.30) 1.96 (1.08;3.57)
Not to school due to illness in last 2 months (≥ 1 day)     
% 28.8 26.8 33.0 35.3
OR (95% CI) 1.11 (0.75;1.62) 1.00 1.35 (1.00;1.82) 1.49 (0.83;2.68)
aOR (95% CI) 1.12 (0.76;1.65) 1.00 1.36 (1.00;1.83) 1.53 (0.85;2.75)
Health-related limitations last 2 months (yes)     
% 20.1 15.4 17.6 29.4
OR (95% CI) 1.38 (0.89;2.14) 1.00 1.17 (0.81;1.69) 2.28 (1.23;4.23)
aOR (95% CI) 1.36 (0.88;2.11) 1.00 1.21 (0.84;1.76) 2.31 (1.24;4.31)
Flu/serious cold last 12 months (yes)     
% 11.5 11.8 22.9 23.5
OR (95% CI) 0.98 (0.57;1.68) 1.00 2.23 (1.58;3.15) 2.31 (1.19;4.48)
aOR (95% CI) 0.95 (0.55;1.64) 1.00 2.22 (1.57;3.16) 2.27 (1.16;4.43)
Throat infection last 12 months (yes)     
% 4.3 4.8 6.2 5.9
OR (95% CI) 0.89 (0.38;2.08) 1.00 1.30 (0.72;2.34) 1.23 (0.38;4.05)
aOR (95% CI) 0.90 (0.38;2.10) 1.00 1.23 (0.68;2.23) 1.19 (0.36;3.93)
Ear infection last 12 months (yes)     
% 10.8 8.8 9.3 13.7
OR (95% CI) 1.26 (0.72;2.22) 1.00 1.06 (0.66;1.72) 1.66 (0.73;3.75)
aOR (95% CI) 1.24 (0.71;2.19) 1.00 1.06 (0.65;1.72) 1.67 (0.74;3.81)
Bronchitis last 12 months (yes)     
% 4.3 2.3 2.2 11.8
OR (95% CI) 1.96 (0.81;4.74) 1.00 0.98 (0.38;2.52) 5.79 (2.32;14.45)
aOR (95% CI) 2.05 (0.84;5.00) 1.00 0.99 (0.38;2.57) 5.70 (2.25;14.44)
Antibiotics in last 12 months (yes)     
% 15.8 15.3 18.1 23.5
OR (95% CI) 1.05 (0.65;1.68) 1.00 1.23 (0.85;1.77) 1.71 (0.88;3.31)
aOR (95% CI) 1.02 (0.63;1.65) 1.00 1.17 (0.81;1.70) 1.64 (0.84;3.20)
  1. 1 Adjusted for gender, region, maternal education, breast feeding and smoking in the home at age 8