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Table 1 Distribution of health services utilisation by language background and mothers' limited English proficiency (%)

From: Health services utilisation disparities between English speaking and non-English speaking background Australian infants

Types of health services Language background Mothers' LEP
  ESB (n = 3700) NESB (n = 374) p-value Very well (n = 3826) Well (n = 110) Not well/not at all (n = 71) p-value
Mean visits to any service below (± SE) 3.1(0.03) 2.6(0.10) <0.001** 3.1 (0.03) 2.4 (0.18) 2.1 (0.22) <0.001**
Maternal and child health centre or phone help 58.8 45.4 <0.001** 58.3 45.7 36.9 <0.001**
Maternal and child health nurse visits 68.3 55.2 <0.001** 68.1 55.5 44.6 <0.001**
General practitioner 82.4 69.9 <0.001** 82.1 69.8 55.2 <0.001**
Hospital outpatient clinic 9.8 7.2 0.15 9.6 9.2 8.6 0.94
Other medical or dental services 8.9 10.6 0.35 8.9 10.4 9.8 0.83
Hospital emergency ward 21.5 21 0.86 21.4 14.6 25.1 0.35
Hospitalisation 9.7 9.6 0.36 9.6 11.5 12.5 0.58
Paediatrician 39.3 25.9 <0.001** 39.2 18.1 9.9 <0.01**
Other specialist 12.2 11.8 0.83 12.2 7.1 10.7 0.29
  1. The proportions were weighted for survey data. ESB = English speaking background; NESB = non-English speaking background, LEP = limited English proficiency.
  2. ** Significant at 1%.