Skip to main content

Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of general psychiatric morbidity among the adult survivors

From: Are the elderly more vulnerable to psychological impact of natural disaster? A population-based survey of adult survivors of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake

  General Psychiatric Morbidity
No. (%)
Bivariate OR
(95% CI)
P Value Multivariate OR
(95% CI)
P Value
Overall 93 (33.7)     
Demographics      
   Age group      
Younger adults (< 60 y)
Elders (≥ 60 y)
35 (25.4)
58 (42.0)
1.00
2.13 (1.28-3.56)
0.004 1.00
2.14 (1.25-3.66)
0.005
   Sex      
Male
Female
43 (29.1)
50 (39.1)
1.00
1.57 (0.95-2.59)
0.08   
   Ethnicity      
Han
Ethnic minorities
38 (34.5)
55 (33.1)
1.07 (0.64-1.77)
1.00
0.81   
   Marital status      
Married or living together
Others (unmarried, divorced, etc.)
72 (36.0)
21 (27.6)
1.47 (0.83-2.63)
1.00
0.19   
   Education level      
Primary school or lower
Higher than primary school
46 (33.1)
47 (34.3)
1.00
1.06 (0.64-1.74)
0.83   
Earthquake-related experiences      
   Having been in serious danger      
Yes
No
63 (37.7)
30 (27.5)
1.60 (0.95-2.69)
1.00
0.08   
   Having been seriously injured      
Yes
No
17 (51.5)
76 (31.3)
2.34 (1.12-4.87)
1.00
0.02 NA  
   Having family members or friends seriously injured      
Yes
No
25 (51.0)
68 (30.0)
2.44 (1.30-4.56)
1.00
0.005 2.13 (1.10-4.11)
1.00
0.03
   Having witnessed someone being killed or seriously injured      
Yes
No
57 (40.7)
36 (26.5)
1.91 (1.15-3.17)
1.00
0.01 NA  
   Having Lost family members      
Yes
No
21 (55.3)
72 (30.3)
2.85 (1.42-5.72)
1.00
0.003 NA  
   Having Lost significant others      
Yes
No
41 (41.0)
52 (29.5)
1.66 (0.99-2.77)
1.00
0.05 NA  
   Having one's house seriously damaged      
Yes
No
81 (35.7)
12 (24.5)
1.71 (0.85-3.46)
1.00
0.14   
   Having Lost important belongings      
Yes
No
47 (41.6)
46 (28.2)
1.81 (1.09-3.01)
1.00
0.02 1.60 (0.94-2.72)
1.00
0.09
   Having felt extremely anxious about one's own life      
Yes
No
78 (34.5)
15 (30.0)
1.23 (0.63-2.39)
1.00
0.54   
Having felt scared that family members or significant
others would die or be seriously injured
     
Yes
No
89 (35.2)
4 (17.4)
2.58 (0.85-7.81)
1.00
0.09   
   Having felt guilt concerning someone's death or injury      
Yes
No
52 (43.0)
41 (26.5)
2.10 (1.26-3.48)
1.00
0.004 2.00 (1.18-3.41)
1.00
0.01
   Utilization of mental health services      
Yes
No
9 (20.5)
84 (36.2)
1.00
.21 (1.01-4.82)
0.05 1.00
2.05 (0.91-4.63)
0.08
  1. Notes: NA(not available) is a marker for variables dropped out of the multivariate model.