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Table 1 Participants characteristics - 2008 Sichuan earthquake, China

From: Are the elderly more vulnerable to psychological impact of natural disaster? A population-based survey of adult survivors of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake

  No. (%) of participants  
Characteristics Total
(N = 276)
Elders
(n = 138)
Younger Adults
(n = 138)
P Value
Demographics     
   Sex     
Male 148 (53.6) 76 (55.1) 72 (52.2) 0.63
Female 128 (46.4) 62 (44.9) 66 (47.8)  
   Ethnicity     
Han 110 (39.9) 54 (39.1) 56 (40.6) 0.81
Ethnic minorities a 166 (60.1) 84 (60.9) 82 (59.4)  
   Marital status     
Married or living together 200 (72.5) 112 (81.2) 88 (63.8) 0.001
Others (unmarried, divorced, etc.) 76 (27.5) 26 (18.8) 50 (36.2)  
   Education level     
Primary school or lower 139 (50.4) 90 (65.2) 49 (35.5) <0.001
Higher than primary school 137 (49.6) 48 (34.8) 89 (64.5)  
Earthquake-related experiences     
   Having been in serious danger     
Yes 167 (60.5) 84 (60.9) 83 (60.1) 0.90
No 109 (39.5) 54 (39.1) 55 (39.9)  
   Having been seriously injured     
Yes 33 (12.0) 19 (13.8) 14 (10.1) 0.35
No 243 (88.0) 119 (86.2) 124 (89.9)  
   Having family members or friends seriously injured     
Yes 49 (17.8) 26 (18.8) 23 (16.7) 0.64
No 227 (82.2) 112 (81.2) 115 (83.3)  
   Having witnessed someone being killed or seriously injured     
Yes 140 (50.7) 70 (50.7) 70 (50.7) 1.00
No 136 (49.3) 68 (49.3) 68 (49.3)  
   Having lost family members     
Yes 38 (13.8) 26 (18.8) 12 (8.7) 0.01
No 238 (86.2) 112 (81.2) 126 (91.3)  
   Having lost significant others     
Yes 100 (36.2) 49 (35.5) 51 (37.0) 0.80
No 176 (63.8) 89 (64.5) 87 (63.0)  
   Having one's house seriously damaged     
Yes 227 (82.2) 117 (84.8) 110 (79.7) 0.27
No 49 (17.8) 21 (15.2) 28 (20.3)  
   Having lost important belongings b     
Yes 113 (40.9) 61 (44.2) 52 (37.7) 0.27
No 163 (59.1) 77 (55.8) 86 (62.3)  
   Having felt extremely anxious about one's own life     
Yes 226 (81.9) 112 (81.2) 114 (82.6) 0.76
No 50 (18.1) 26 (18.8) 24 (17.4)  
   Having felt scared that family members or significant others would die or be seriously injured     
Yes 253 (91.7) 128 (92.8) 125 (90.6) 0.51
No 23 (8.3) 10 (7.2) 13 (9.4)  
   Having felt guilt concerning someone's death or injury     
Yes 121 (43.8) 58 (42.0) 63 (45.7) 0.54
No 155 (56.2) 80 (58.0) 75 (54.3)  
  1. a Ethnic minorities refer to non-Han population in China, which account for a larger population in the survey areas than Han people.
  2. b Important belongings refer to physical possessions of sentimental value to the participants.