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Table 1 Frequencies of categorical predictors at age 15 and outcomes at age 15 and 18/19 variables.

From: Do 'good values' lead to 'good' health-behaviours? Longitudinal associations between young people's values and later substance-use

Categorical variables N Frequency (%)
Sex (miss = 0)   
   Female 1080 49.18
   Male 1116 50.82
Parental Smoking (miss = 6)   
   No 547 24.98
   No parent figure 32 1.46
   Yes 1,611 73.56
Social Class (miss = 161)   
   Manual 1,069 52.53
   Non-manual 966 47.47
Family structure (miss = 0)   
   2-parent 1571 71.54
   1-parent, 351 15.98
   reconstituted 224 10.20
   other 50 2.28
Religion (miss = 277)   
   Protestant 813 42.37
   Roman Catholic 653 34.03
   Muslim/Islam 48 2.50
   Other (Baptist, Jewish, etc) 112 5.84
   None/Atheist/Agnostic 293 15.27
Risk taking (miss = 11)   
   Very true 205 9.38
   True 1,188 54.37
   Untrue or very untrue 792 36.25
Substance-use outcomes (moderate)   
Smoking*, age 15 (miss = 2) 559 25.48
Smoking*, age 18/19 (miss = 980) 350 28.78
Weekly alcohol, age 15 (miss = 8) 547 25.00
Weekly alcohol, age 18/19 (miss = 980) 570 46.88
Illegal drugs, ever, age 15 (miss = 5) 882 40.26
Illegal drugs, ever, age 18/19 (miss = 980) 679 55.84
Substance-use outcomes (severe)   
Regularly smoke**, age 15 (miss = 2) 481 21.92
Regularly smoke**, age 18/19 (miss = 980) 291 23.93
Drink most days, age 15 (miss = 8) 69 3.15
Drink most days, age 18/19 (miss = 980) 70 5.76
Illegal drugs, weekly use, age 15 (miss = 5) 265 12.09
Illegal drugs, weekly use, age 18/19 (miss = 980) 154 12.66
  1. *Occasional or regular smoking; ** regular smoking
  2. miss = missing values
  3. Note: 94 cases had missing values on the eight values factors, 145 on the area deprivation score and 1 case on the low parental care and control scales.