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Table 2 Biivariate analysis of risk factors for non-fatal drowning in rural areas, Guangdong, China

From: An analysis of risk factors of non-fatal drowning among children in rural areas of Guangdong Province, China: a case-control study

Factors   Odds ratio 95% CI
Children's personality Extrovert 1.00 reference
  In-betweens 0.99 0.62-1.59
  Introvert 0.94 0.48-1.85
Father's education Illiteracy 1.00 reference
  Elementary school 1.14 0.18-7.30
  High school 1.51 0.24- 9.70
  Undergraduate 1.43 0.23- 8.80
  Postgraduate and over 2.34 0.34-15.97
Mother's education Illiteracy 1.00 reference
  Elementary school 0.62 0.20-1.95
  High school 0.58 0.18-1.86
  Undergraduate 0.52 0.15-1.75
  Postgraduate and over 1.22 0.25-5.95
Water safety education in school No 1.00 reference
  Yes 1.11 0.74-1.67
  Can't remember 1.11 0.63-1.94
Household income High 1.00 reference
  Low 1.99 1.01-3.95
warning sign around natural bodies of water Yes 1.00 reference
  No natural bodies of water 0.54 0.31-0.91
Swimming ability Good 1.00 reference
  Incapable of swimming 0.52 0.27-0.98
  Poor 3.30 1.69-6.43
Swimming in natural bodies of water without adult supervision in last 12 months No 1.00 reference
  Yes 3.74 2.56-5.45
Fishing in natural waters in absence of adult supervision in last 12 months No 1.00 reference
  Yes 1.58 1.09-2.29
Playing in natural waters in last 12 months No 1.00 reference
  Yes 2.71 1.83-4.01
Diving in natural waters in last 12 months No 1.00 reference
  Yes 2.81 1.88-4.21
Using life vest in water in last 12 months Yes 1.00 reference
  No recreational water activity 0.27 0.16-0.45
Supervisor father 1.00 reference
  mother 0.56 0.36-0.86
  Siblings/neighbors/relatives 2.91 1.31-6.43
Supervisor's age <20 1.00 reference
  ≥ 30 0.11 0.04-0.28
  No supervisor 0.18 0.07-0.46