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Table 2 Proportions of study subjects with anemia1 at baseline and 12 months by HIV status and treatment arm

From: Effect on longitudinal growth and anemia of zinc or multiple micronutrients added to vitamin A: a randomized controlled trial in children aged 6-24 months

Cohort Treatment arms n Subjects with anemia n (%)2
    Baseline 12 months P value†
HIV-uninfected (n = 196) Vitamin A only 64 49 (76.6) 38 (59.4) 0.0278
  Vitamin A + zinc 67 51 (76.1) 42 (62.7) 0.0833
  Multiple micronutrients 65 54 (83.1) 38 (58.5) 0.0017
All cohorts (n = 210) Vitamin A only 68 52(76.5) 40 (58.8) 0.0186
  Vitamin A + zinc 71 54 (76.1) 46 (64.8) 0.1306
  Multiple micronutrients 71 60 (84.5) 43 (60.6) 0.0011
  1. 1 Anemia is defined as hemoglobin level below 11 g/dL [25]
  2. 2 Analysis includes subjects with hemoglobin available at baseline and twelve months
  3. †Within group changes from baseline (McNemar Test)