Skip to main content

Table 1 Means, standard deviations for the scale and group differences on the scale

From: The construct validity and reliability of the Turkish version of Spreitzer's psychological empowerment scale

Scale Nurses(n = 260)
(mean ± sd)
Physicians (n = 121)
(mean ± sd)
t p
Meaning 6.57 ± 0.84 6.39 ± 1.11 -1.61 0.11
Competence 6.75 ± 0.59 6.36 ± 0.97 -4.03 <0.01
Self-determination 5.24 ± 1.62 5.97 ± 1.12 5.09 <0.01
Impact 4.32 ± 2.02 5.28 ± 1.63 4.97 <0.01
Total scale 5.72 ± 0.92 5.99 ± 0.89 2.82 <0.01