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Table 3 Measures of association (fixed effects i.e. odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for multivariable multilevel logistic regression models)

From: Migration and child immunization in Nigeria: individual- and community-level contexts

Characteristics Model 1
(Migration status)
Model 2
(Demographic)
Model 3
(Socio-economic)
Model 4
(Health care utilization)
Model 5
(Community)
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)
Migration status      
   Rural-urban migrant 1 1 1   1
   Rural non-migrant 2.36 (1.75 - 3.19)* 2.03 (1.50 - 2.75)* 1.43 (1.01 - 2.05)** 0.62 (0.43 -0.89)** 1.89 (1.23 - 2.90)*
   Urban non-migrant 1.67 (1.20 - 2.32)* 1.54 (1.11 - 2.15)* 1.20 (0.95 - 1.51) 1.13 (0.77 - 1.66) 1.35 (0.88 - 2.07)
Birth order/birth interval      
   First birth (order 1)   1.16 (0.80 - 1.69)    
   Order 2-4 & <24 months   1.13 (0.75 - 1.70)    
   2-4 & medium bi 24-47 months   0.77 (0.47 - 1.26)    
   Order 2 -4 & 48+ months   1    
   Order 5+ & < 24 months   0.59 (0.33 - 1.05)    
   Order 5+ & 24- 47 months   0.64 (0.41 - 0.97)*    
   Order 5+ & 48+ months   0.98 (0.57 - 1.67)    
Sex of child      
   Female   1.03 (0.82 - 1.30)    
   Male   1    
Mother's age      
   15 - 18   0.50 (0.22 - 1.12)    
   19 - 23   0.81 (0.54 - 1.21)    
   24 - 28   1    
   29 - 33   1.08 (0.75 - 1.55)    
   ≥ 34   1.54 (1.03 - 2.30)*    
Mother's age at birth of first child      
   18 years or less   0.74 (0.56 - 0.99)**    
   19+   1    
Marital status      
   Single   1.29 (0.53 - 3.15)    
   Divorced   1    
   Married   0.85 (0.49 - 1.47)    
Mothers' education      
   No education    0.72 (0.50 - 1.03)   
   Primary    0.97 (0.69 - 1.36)   
   Secondary or higher    1   
Mothers' occupation      
   Not working    0.57 (0.34 - 0.94)*   
   Agricultural self-employed/agric- ultural employee/household & domestic/unskilled manual occupations    0.82 (0.45 - 1.48)   
   Clerical/sales/services/skilled manual    0.57 (0.35 - 0.93)*   
   Professional/Technical/Management    1   
Wealth index      
   Poorest    0.45 (0.26 - 0.77)   
   Poorer    0.43 (0.26 - 0.70)*   
   Middle    0.62 (0.41 - 0.95)*   
   Richer    0.54 (0.37 - 0.78)*   
   Richest    1   
Received tetanus toxoid injection during pregnancy      
   No     0.49 (0.33 - 0.71)*  
   Yes     1  
Place of delivery      
   Home     0.67 (0.48 - 0.93)**  
   Hospital facility     1  
Received prenatal care by doctor      
   No     0.82 (0.59 - 1.13)  
   Yes     1  
Region of residence      
   North Central      1.11 (0.67 - 1.85)
   North East      0.57 (0.30 - 1.11)
   North West      0.51 (0.25 - 1.01)
   South East      0.61 (0.32 - 1.14)
   South South      0.48 (0.26 - 0.92)
   South West      1
Community prenatal care by doctor      
   Low      1.37 (0.79 - 2.39)
   High      1
Community hospital delivery      
   Low      0.48 (0.28 - 0.82)*
   Middle      1
   High      1.43 (0.88 - 2.33)
Community mothers' education      
   Low      0.76 (0.51 - 1.12)
   Middle      1
   High      0.89 (0.60 - 1.32)