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Table 1 Risk formats: Description of formats and summation of preferences

From: Absolute risk representation in cardiovascular disease prevention: comprehension and preferences of health care consumers and general practitioners involved in a focus group study

Option Format Statement, plus format explanation Consumer format preferences (n = 19) GP format preferences (n = 18) Total
1 Statement Your risk of having a heart attack or stroke within the next 5 years is 16%. 3 0 3
2 Statement Your risk of having a heart attack or stroke within the next 5 years is 16%. The average risk for someone of your age and gender is 8% in 5 years. 3 3 6
3 Statement with icon display The odds that you will have a heart attack or stroke in the next 5 years are about 5 to 1 with six faces.
5 grouped green, smiling and 1 red, sad.
2 2 4
4 Statement with icon display 1 in 6 people like you will have a heart attack or stroke within the next 5 years with six faces.
5 adjacent green, smiling and 1 red, sad.
1 1 2
5 Statement [36] You are 50 years old. Your risk of having a heart attack or stroke within the next 5 years is 16%. This is the same risk as an average person who is 67 years old! 7 5 12
6 Line graph [37] CVD risk and life expectancy. Chance of surviving without having a heart attack or stroke.
Lines graphed for 'average risk profile' in blue and 'your risk profile' in red.
3 0 3
7 Icon display Risk shown in icon display. Your risk:
100 faces arranged in a block, 84 grouped, green, smiling (no heart attack or stroke within 5 years) and 16 grouped, red, sad (heart attack or stroke within 5 years).
1 0 1
8 Icon display Your risk:
100 faces, organised as per option 7 (84 green, 7 red).
Average risk for someone your age and gender:
100 faces, same organisation, (92 green, 8 red).
3 2 5
9 Icon display [38] Your risk:
100 faces in a block but 'risk' faces distributed at random, with 84 green, smiling (no heart attack or stroke within 5 years) and 16 red, sad (heart attack/stroke within 5 years).
2 0 2
10 Icon display [38] Your risk:
100 faces, organised as per option 9 (84 green, 7 red random distribution).
Average risk for someone your age and gender:
100 faces, same organisation, (92 green, 8 red).
1 0 1
11 Icon display Your risk:
25 faces, 21 grouped, green, smiling and 4 grouped, red, sad.
0 1 1
12 Icon display Your risk:
25 faces, organised as per option 11 (21 green, smiling and 4 red, sad).
Average risk for someone your age and gender:
25 faces, as per option 11, but with 23 green and 2 red.
0 3 3
13 Thermometer display [35] Risk shown in a 'Thermometer'. Your risk of having a heart attack or stroke within the next 5 years.
Risk marked on a thermometer, using green for low (0-5%), yellow for moderate (5%-10%) and high (10%-20%+) in red. Arrow marks risk at 16%.
5 10 15
14 Thermometer display [35] Risk shown in a 'Thermometer'. Your risk of having a heart attack or stroke within the next 5 years, and Your risk if you were a non-smoker.
As per option 13, but with a second arrow marking risk level if a non-smoker (less than 10%).
9 15 24
15 Vertical bar chart [34] Title: Risk shown in bar chart.
Label for graph: Risk of having a heart attack or stroke within the next 5 years.
Your risk: Red bar, at 16%;
Your risk if receiving treatment:
Blue bar, < 11%;
Average risk for someone of your age and sex: Yellow bar, 8%.
12 10 22
16 Line graph Title: Risk shown in a line graph.
Label for graph: Risk of having a heart attack or stroke within the next 5 years.
Horizontal axis: age; vertical axis: percent risk.
3 4 7