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Table 5 Physical and cognitive function and self-rated health in the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study.

From: The Boston Puerto Rican Health Study, a longitudinal cohort study on health disparities in Puerto Rican adults: challenges and opportunities

Characteristic (%) Men Women
  Ages 45-59 Ages 60-75 Ages 45-59 Ages 60-75
Physical impairmenta     
No impairment 45.0* 38.8* 27.3** 19.6
Some impairment 37.1 46.3 48.1 43.2
Considerable impairment 17.9 15.0 24.6 37.2
Cognitive impairmentb     
No impairment 78.5** 74.0* 73.4** 61.4
Mild impairment 17.5 15.1 23.2 26.6
Considerable impairment 4.0 11.0 3.4 12.0
Self-reported health status     
Very good or excellent 14.7* 15.7* 11.1** 5.7
Good 27.9 24.5 18.6 11.7
Fair 49.0 49.7 56.3 66.0
Poor 8.4 10.2 13.8 16.6
  1. *P < 0.05, overall between sex, within age category
  2. **P < 0.05 overall between age categories, within sex
  3. a Defined as Activities of Daily Living score of zero (none), 1-5 (some) or ≥ 6 (considerable)
  4. b Defined based on MMSE score and educational level. Considerable impairment = 11-17 for all levels; mild impairment = 18 through 21 for middle school, 23 for high school, and 24 for college or graduate school; scores above those cutoff values by educational level are considered no impairment.